[City news] "Mid-Autumn Festival" knowledge how much

The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival, moon birthday, Moon night, Autumn Festival, midautumn Festival, moon worship Festival, Moon Festival, Moon Festival, Reunion Festival, etc., is a traditional Chinese folk festival. The Mid-Autumn Festival is a synthesis of autumn customs. Most of the festival and custom factors it contains have ancient origins. The Mid-Autumn Festival is the reunion of the full moon, for the sake of missing hometown, missing loved ones, praying for harvest and happiness, and has become a colorful and precious cultural heritage, and the Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and known as China's four traditional festivals. The origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival The Mid-Autumn Festival is the remains of the ancient sky worship - the custom of respecting the moon. In traditional culture, the moon and the sun, the two alternate celestial bodies became the objects of worship of the ancestors. Ancient emperors have Spring Festival, autumn festival rites, as early as the "Zhou ceremony" in the book, there is a "Mid-Autumn Festival" of the word records, because of China's ancient calendar, lunar August 15, just the autumn of the year, and is the middle of August, it is called "Mid-Autumn Festival". Later nobles and literati also followed suit, in the Mid-Autumn Festival season, to the sky bright and round a bright moon, viewing worship, express feelings, this custom is transmitted to the people, forming a traditional activity. The Mid-Autumn Festival was popularized in the Han Dynasty, which was a period of economic and cultural exchange and integration between the north and the south of China. "Zhou Rites" recorded in the pre-Qin Dynasty had "the autumn night to greet the cold", "the Mid-Autumn Festival to offer good Qiu Qiu", "the Autumn equinox evening moon (worship)" activities. According to records, in the Han Dynasty, and in the Mid-Autumn Festival or the beginning of Autumn day to respect the elderly, elderly care, to male rough cake activities. There are also written records of the Mid-Autumn Festival in the Jin Dynasty, but it is less common, and the Mid-Autumn Festival was not popular in northern China during the Jin Dynasty. The Mid-Autumn Festival custom became popular in northern China during the Tang Dynasty. The Mid-Autumn Festival became an official national holiday around the Tang Dynasty. The Book of Tang · Taizong records "August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival". The custom of enjoying the moon in the Mid-Autumn Festival flourished in Chang 'an in the Tang Dynasty, and many poets had poems about chanting the moon in their famous articles. And the Mid-Autumn Festival and Chang 'e to the moon, Wu Gang felling GUI, jade rabbit pound medicine, Yang Guifei into the moon God, Tang Ming Emperor tour moon palace and other mythic stories combined, so that it is full of romantic color, play the moon wind just flourishing. The Tang Dynasty was an important period when the traditional festival customs were mixed and formed, and its main part has been passed down to the present. In the Northern Song Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was officially set on August 15 of the lunar calendar. Literary works appear in "small cakes such as chewing moon, with crisp and Yi Yi" seasonal food. Such as Meng elder "Tokyo Menghualu" said: "in the autumn night, your home decorated terrace, the folk to occupy the restaurant play month"; And "String heavy boiling, near extended residents, the sound of Sheng taro at night, like clouds outside." Children in the room, even night marriage play; The night market is rhythmical, as well as knowing." During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the worldly interest became stronger and stronger every day. The Ming and Qing dynasties of the moon activities, "its offering fruit cake will be round", each family to set up "moonlight position", in the direction of the moon "to the month and worship." Lu Qihong's "Beijing Yuhua Record" says: "In the autumn night, people each place the moon palace symbol, the symbol is free from such as people stand; Chen melon fruit in court, cake surface painting moon palace toad free; Men and women worship and burn incense, and then burn them." "Emperor scenery" also said: "On the fifteenth day of August, the cake will be round, the melon will be wrong teeth, petals carved like lotus. … Its women return to the ning, is the day will return to the husband's home, said reunion festival also. Since ancient times, in some parts of Guangdong, people have the custom of worshipping the moon god (worshipping the moon mother, worshipping the moon) on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival. Worship the moon, set a big incense table, put on the moon cake, watermelon, apple, red dates, plums, grapes and other offerings. Under the moon, the "moon God" tablet is placed in that direction of the moon, the red candle is burning high, and the whole family worships the moon in turn, praying for blessing. Offering the moon and appreciating the moon, holding the month of remembrance and expressing people's good wishes. The custom of appreciating the moon comes from offering sacrifices to the moon, and serious sacrifices have become relaxed pleasures. In ancient times, the customs of the north and the south are different, and the customs of different places are different, and the written records of the Mid-Autumn Festival activities appear in the Wei and Jin dynasties, but it has not become a practice. In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival, enjoying the moon, playing the moon is quite popular, many poets in the famous articles have a poem chanting the moon. Moon cakes, also known as moon group, harvest cake, palace cake, reunion cake, etc., are offerings to worship the moon God in the ancient Mid-Autumn Festival. Mooncakes were originally used to offer offerings to the god of the moon, and later people gradually came to enjoy the moon and taste mooncakes as a symbol of family reunion. Mooncakes symbolize happy reunion. People regard them as festival food, offering sacrifices to the moon and presenting them to relatives and friends. Today, eating moon cakes has become an indispensable custom in the north and south of China to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival. On this day, people will eat moon cakes to show "reunion". The Mid-Autumn Festival is one of the three lantern festivals in China, as early as the Northern Song Dynasty "Wulin Old Events", recorded in the autumn night festival custom, there will be a "little red" lamp into the river rafting play activities. Mid-Autumn Festival play lanterns, mostly concentrated in the south. Such as Foshan Autumn fair, there are all kinds of colorful lights: sesame lamp, eggshell lamp, planing lamp, straw lamp, fish scale lamp, rice husk lamp, melon seed lamp and bird and animal flower tree lamp, etc., amazing. The myth of "Chang 'e flying to the moon" originated from the ancient people's worship of the stars, and the story of Chang 'e flying to the moon first appeared in "Guizang". Later, the folk story was further developed into multiple story versions. According to legend, Houyi obtained a package of immortal medicine from the Queen Mother, taking this medicine can become immortal, but Houyi reluctant to abandon his wife, he gave the medicine to Chang 'e for safekeeping. One day, Hou Yi went out, the villain Peng Meng heart of evil want to eat immortal medicine into immortal, threatening Chang 'e to hand over, critical moment Chang 'e will swallow the immortal medicine, Chang 'e swallowed the medicine, the body immediately floated off the ground and flew to the sky. Because Chang 'e was concerned about her husband, she flew to the nearest moon from the earth to become a fairy. Houyi knew both angry and sad, but there was no Naike, had to send someone to the back garden of Chang 'e's favorite, put on the incense table, put on her usual favorite honey and fresh fruit, and offer a remote sacrifice in the moon palace with her own Chang 'e. After the people heard the news that Chang 'e flew to the moon to become a fairy, they arranged incense tables under the moon and prayed for good luck and peace to the good Chang 'e. Wu Gang on the moon palace to win, according to the Tang Dynasty novel "Youyang Zu Zu" said, because the West He Wu Gang made a mistake in cultivating the immortal, just punished him to cut the laurel tree in the moon. This laurel tree grows as it is cut, and it will never cease to be cut. Li Bai wrote in his poem "Giving Cui Si Hu Wen Kunji" : "to be hacked with the middle month GUI, hold it as the salary of the cold one." ┎ 〇 There is no festival ┎ 〇 There is no festival ┎ 〇 moon cake
September 25, there are a few days to the Mid-Autumn Festival, Lemin Street is full of red flags, the festive atmosphere is getting stronger and stronger, the autonomous region's intangible cultural heritage - the inheritance of a hundred years of green dragon dance activities, more lively than the New Year, the villagers carefully designed, a grand carnival has been countdown, take you to experience the happiness in the cannon dust, on August 15, You sure you don't want to get high? This is a town to participate in the big carnival party, it came to it, they came to meet the firecrackers, people from all over the world gathered together to dance dragon play, women and children also play, at home into the kitchen hold home, outside the burning gun top pain, slippers, shorts and short sleeves are standard, ha ha ha. Looking forward to the Mid-Autumn Festival carnival night of five green dragons together, bless the hometown of good weather everyone peace and joy! ┎○ Traditional Chinese New Year is more lively ┎○ Are you sure you don't want to come to hi? ┎ 〇 GP ┎ 〇 gp ┎ 〇 gp ┎ 〇 gp

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