Month: 11月 2023

Sowing: "four forces" cultivate Runjing Chu

Opera is the treasure of Chinese culture, and the key to the prosperity and development of opera lies in people. The year 2016 is a turning point for the development of opera in Hubei Province. How to revive the "drama dock", how to save the talent team? The Publicity Department of Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Department of Education and the Provincial Department of Culture jointly issued a document, deciding to recruit a group of Chu opera, Han opera and Huangmei Opera students from primary school graduates in the province for the provincial Opera art theater, and enrolling Hubei Vocational College of Art in accordance with the "5+2" (the first 5 years of secondary school and the second 2 years of higher vocational education) model. A national attention to the opera small actors "audition" immediately began. In September of that year, three free orientation classes were opened, and 158 "play Miao children" selected from 200,000 children in the province came to the provincial capital and embarked on the seven-year professional learning road. Plum blossom fragrance comes from bitter cold. Yang Jun, the president of Hubei Provincial Opera Art Theater at that time, was affectionately called "the mother of the dean" by the children. She said that the training of opera talents is a long-term systematic project, and the training of children is very important and extremely difficult. At the beginning of the training, the children were bruised and their legs were swollen, and they felt overwhelmed. For this reason, the theater selected 3 young and vigorous backbone experts to serve as the head teacher of 3 classes, and took care of their growth in "strict management" and "great love". "Human, material, financial and mental energy are all poured into opera training." Qin Hui said that Hubei has introduced a number of policies to promote the revitalization of the opera "Grand Pier", a total investment of more than 30 million yuan to support the seven-year system training, equipped with more than 30 full-time teachers, and hired famous masters to enter the classroom, which is rare in the country. The establishment of colleges, the establishment of specialties, the training of talents, and specific measures for the inheritance and development of traditional opera "escort". Follow Qin Hui came to Hubei Vocational College of Art, the reporter saw that another batch of new small pear flowers are learning Chu opera opera "cart will", the teaching teachers are Chu opera famous Peng Qinglian, Chen Changxi, the two teachers group teaching, the students' body, singing, eyes, every detail one by one. "Four times a week, I travel half of Wuhan City to Jiangxia by bus and subway and give 16 lessons to the children." Peng Qinglian said that taking repertoire teaching as the center, taking drama with merit and promoting drama with merit, these targeted skills training will lay a solid foundation for them and accompany them for life. Chen Kun, 19, who plays Yu Lao Fourth in Push the Cart, comes from the Hong 'an Chu Theatre Company and has been trained in the school for four years. "From the beginning of ignorance, to practice basic skills, to learn repertoire, stage performances, step by step into the world of opera art." In the future, I hope to continue to hone my skills and take on a bigger stage." Chen Kun said. When the actors rehearse, the band composed of drum, Yueqin and Jinghu also cooperate. Drummer Huang Siyuan told reporters that they this group of students a total of 29 people, everyone perform their duties, run-in progress, back to the Red an Chu troupe, is a set of can directly perform on stage. For a long time, Hubei has implemented the plan of "Passing on the Torch · Master Art", established the "Opera Master Studio", paid attention to the training of young and middle-aged opera backbone, and organized professional training courses and repertoire inheritance and improvement classes in different categories. And jointly with the National Academy of Chinese Opera, Shanghai Theatre Academy to hold opera director, choreography design training classes, jointly with the China Federation of Literature and Art Research Institute to hold screenwriter training classes, through years of hard work, Hubei opera talent team presented a "orderly inheritance, new people come out in large numbers" happy situation. Colleges and universities are also important positions for the inheritance of local operas. Every Friday night, in the Art School building of Hubei University, there are always bursts of babbling opera, young and young, happy in it. This is the opera corner activity of Liyuan Opera Ancient Style Society of Hubei University. Students of different majors and different ages are sitting around, led by several senior brothers and sisters with good singing skills, learning to sing a "Wujiapo" sentence by sentence. "Nasulong Wei Hu is the media certificate, and Prime Minister Wang is my officiator." Mention others I do not know, that Sulong Wei Hu is a relative…" Whether it is an old opera fan who has been immersed in the pear Garden for a long time, or a small opera white who has just started, they can simply sing along with the melody and gradually become better. "I joined the opera club in my sophomore year, and I really like this simple and strong artistic atmosphere. I listened to and learned more operas, gained a lot of knowledge, and had many opportunities to perform on stage." Hubei University College of literature, a student Zhang Junyan said. Zhou Liling, the instructor of the association and the person in charge of the Communication Center of Hubei Local Opera Colleges and Universities, introduced that since the establishment of the center in 2008, the association has planned and organized a number of college communication activities such as Hubei local opera Forum, a series of opera lectures and "520 I Love Opera Makeup", "Opera Creative Workshop" and "College Opera Alliance". It has achieved a win-win situation between local opera and quality education in colleges and universities. "The New generation of opera is a new generation that spans the opera industry, universities and new media, and their creativity and vitality can make traditional opera develop vividly in the new situation." If we can establish a mechanism to cultivate young talents in the three fields, it will be of great significance to the communication of college opera in the new era." Zhou Liling said. Now in Hubei, Huimin performances emerge in an endless stream, and opera culture has become a common trend. In recent years, Hubei has compiled the "Revitalization of Wuhan Opera" Grand Pier venue Construction Plan ", invested 500 million yuan in the construction of Tan Xinpei Grand Theater, invested 600 million yuan in the construction of Wuhan Opera Art Center, and created a new landmark of "Opera pier". Hongshan Auditorium, Hubei Theater and Wuhan Theater have been upgraded successively, and Hubei opera performance facilities have ranked among the top in the country. In accordance with the requirements of convenience and convenience for the masses, small opera venues such as Jingyun Grand Stage and Luojiashan Theater were repaired and renovated, and a number of opera "pocket parks" were built.

People to middle age these three things do not do, otherwise bitter is their own

Middle age is a turning point in one's life stage, and it is also a stage where wisdom and maturity coexist. At this stage, people should reflect on their past, sum up experience and plan for the future. There are three things, after middle age, we should be careful to avoid self-inflicted consequences. First, do not overreach, feet firmly hidden in the heart. Middle-aged people should be well aware of their own abilities and limitations, and not blindly pursue illusory goals while neglecting the immediate work and responsibilities. Many middle-aged people are eager to make a breakthrough in their career, but neglect their family and physical health, which will be more than worth the loss, and eventually leave regrets. For example, Mr. Li pursued career success in middle age, worked overtime every day, and paid little attention to his family, resulting in estranged family relations and damaged physical health. This is a typical case of overreaching, so middle-aged people should know how to cherish everything in front of them, down to earth, and do not get lost in the illusory distance. When people reach middle age, they must find their own rhythm and continue to live well in accordance with their own rhythm in order to go further. Second, give up the good teacher, hollow as grain practice in the line. In middle age, many people have more or less achievements, at this time, we should maintain a humble attitude, do not be self-righteous, do not blindly give people advice, but should constantly improve their own cultivation and quality in humility. For example, when Ms. Zhang became a senior executive in her middle age, she often decided the direction of the company based on her own experience and opinions, ignoring the advice of others in her team. Such behavior is likely to lead to a decline in team morale, so that individuals in the company can not play their own advantages, and ultimately will inevitably weaken the cohesion of the entire team. Middle-aged people should give up this kind of attitude of being good to others and be vain, which can not only increase their own wisdom, but also improve the effectiveness and cohesion of the team. In middle age, one of the most valuable qualities is to understand that there is something to be done and something to be done. There are things that need to be done as a team, don't be individual heroism. When you need a team effort and you need to listen to the opinions of individuals in the team, don't act arbitrarily, or you may be isolated. Third, do not be "soft hearted" and help the poor with edges and corners. Middle-aged people tend to be kind and kind, but sometimes being too kind can lead to problems. When facing difficulties and crises, middle-aged people should remain resolute and firm, and not be blinded by their own kindness. For example, in middle age, Mr. Wang encountered difficulties in borrowing money from a relative. Although he knew that the relative was not a person he could trust, he lent it to him out of kindness, which eventually led to financial losses and the breakdown of interpersonal relationships. This is the negative impact of "gentleness of heart", middle-aged people in the face of difficulties and crises, should know how to maintain a certain degree of rationality and calm, rather than being affected by their own kindness. Middle age is a very important stage in life, we should bear in mind the three advice of aiming high, giving up good advice to teachers, and not "soft hearted". Only by staying grounded and confident, while remaining resolute and firm, can we live a more leisurely and happy life after middle age. If you have the three problems mentioned above, often do those three things intentionally or unintentionally, I hope you can quit after middle age, otherwise the pain is yourself.

Education exists for life Education expands the length, width and height of life

Human growth, or the meaning of education, is like building a pyramid, based on the length of natural life and the width of social life. The stronger the base, the larger the base, the higher the spiritual life, the more likely it is to be indestructible until it reaches the sky. In other words, whether life is ultimately happy and complete is determined by the three attributes of life. The length of natural life emphasizes the continuation of the existence of time, the breadth of social life emphasizes the enrichment of current experience, and the high of spiritual life pursues the quality of enduring. The three-dimensional construction of length, width and height constitutes the capacity of the "container" of life. This is a fundamental human question. Like the words "Know thyself" inscribed on the lintel of the Temple of Delphi, the question of "What is life?" refers directly to man's knowledge and understanding of himself. Human beings have never stopped exploring themselves, and their understanding of life has never been complete. There has never been a fixed answer to this question, and there has never been an accepted standard definition of "life". As far as the connotation of life is concerned, with the differentiation of disciplines, all disciplines involved in life try to define life from their own angles, forming different understandings and understandings of life. In the biological sense, life is an organism composed of polymeric nucleic acid proteome and other substances. In the sociological sense, life refers to the high unity of natural attributes and social attributes, and sociality is the essential attribute that distinguishes human life from other species. Life in the philosophical sense refers to an objective existence in nature, which is the product of the contradictory movement of nature. At the same time, life is also a subjective existence, which is the subject of cognition of the real world. From psychology, economics, literature, religion and other perspectives, people have many more definitions of life. All these definitions clearly define life from different angles, and enrich and improve human's understanding of life from different aspects. From the perspective of pedagogy, life is an organism capable of self-conscious growth, and education is an activity that actively promotes the self-conscious growth of individual life, so that people's lives are constantly enriched, improved and perfected. "There are no two identical leaves in the world." And no two lives are exactly alike. Different genetic genes, different social experiences, and different spiritual perceptions also make decisions that no two people in the world are exactly the same. The world is like a garden where beauty is in full bloom; Life is like a flower, beautiful in its own way. The uniqueness of life creates the diversity and richness of the world, which means that the ideal destination of every life is to grow into the best self. Each of us can only grow into the best you, I, he, and can not replace each other. The uniqueness of life also determines that every life is an irreplaceable existence, and the death of any life is an irreparable regret. To help a life grow a little, is to perfect the world a little; To extend a life a little is to extend the world a little. This is the value and significance of education. Each life has only one life, and it is unique and cannot be duplicated. At the same time, the growth of each life is also irreversible, can not be repeated, and time has the same vector dimension, which makes life particularly precious. Therefore, the best education should be the education that cherishes and respects all life, so that people can know life, understand life, cherish life, care for life, love life and achieve life, so that each life can live out its own life, live in dignity, live in integrity, live in happiness.

When consumers are commoditized

Like Kafka, Freud has become part of our thought - our common property, so to speak. We are familiar with concepts such as the unconscious, id, ego and superego. George Herbert Mead, the philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist who contributed so much to our thinking about identity, did not use these terms, but ultimately he had the same thing in mind when he spoke of the "Lord and I" and the "guest and I." The "Lord I" is the result of my thinking, the thing that I really am, the real thing. But I am divided, because in addition to this internal "Lord me," there is an external "guest me," that is, the beliefs of the people around me about me, about me, about what I really am. Our life is a struggle for peaceful coexistence between "the Lord" and "the guest". Mead says that an individual's identity is determined through interaction with other individuals. There are many different "guest selves," and the task of the "Lord's self" is to synthesize them into a coherent self-image. In "fluid" or "transient" modernity, identity in its current form is related to such interactions, but more complex. Nowadays, each person has not only multiple "guest selves", but also multiple "Lord selves". You are particularly concerned about this phenomenon. Today, identity is a matter of negotiation. It does flow. We are not born with an established identity that will never change. Plus, we can be multiple people at the same time. When chatting on social networking platforms, you can choose a specific identity in the conversation, and then choose another identity in the next conversation. You can change your identity at any time, and different identities come and go. The interaction between the "I" and the "superego," or the "Lord" and the "guest" is part of our daily work. Freud laid the foundation for our understanding of this interaction. In the context of criticizing today's rampant consumerism, you've discussed the idea of identity as a fashion accessory. You say that the consumer society makes it difficult to be happy because it depends on our unhappiness. In this context, the word "unhappy" is too big. But every marketing manager will insist that his product will satisfy consumers. If that were true, we wouldn't have a consumer economy. If the need is really met, there is no reason to iterate on the product. The left in 1968 called this the "horror of consumerism." What is the difference between consumption and consumerism? Consumption is a characteristic of the individual; consumerism is a characteristic of society. In a consumerist society, the ability to want, desire, and desire something is removed from the individual. It is materialized, which means that it becomes a force outside the individual. It is difficult, or almost impossible, to resist this force, because everyone is subject to it. The desire to satisfy all the needs created by business becomes an addiction that binds society together as a whole. To understand this, one needs to look at history. At the end of the 19th century, many artisans lost their workshops and fell into poverty. But the new factory owners, whose actions had led to the development, again found it difficult to find enough workers. As long as there is bread to eat every day, they will not be willing to submit to the discipline demanded by the factory. The pioneers of the modern market economy feared craftsmen. The bogeyman feared in today's consumer economy is the traditional consumer, because the traditional consumer is satisfied with the product she/he buys. Rather, in contrast to previous forms of consumption, consumerism associated happiness with an increase in the number of desires rather than the satisfaction of needs. This growth requires the constant and rapid use of new things to satisfy these desires. Although the consumerist society claims that satisfying the consumer is its goal, in fact the satisfied consumer is its greatest threat, because it can only continue to thrive if its members are not satisfied. The main goal of marketing is not to create new goods, but to create new demand. That's why products that were the latest in style and advertised as objects of desire a moment ago can suddenly be derided as "obsolete." Children as young as five years old are trained by the consumer society to be "dissatisfied consumers." On Sundays, they will go shopping with their parents in a world full of interesting, exciting and tempting goods. When they get tired of it, they throw it away. Markets include not only goods, but also consumers. As you say, they are also commodified, which brings us back to the question of identity. Consumerist culture is characterized by the pressure to be someone else, to acquire traits that are in demand in the marketplace. Today, you have to market yourself, you have to think of yourself as a commodity, as a product that attracts customers. Members of a mature consumerist society are themselves consumer goods. Paradoxically, this compulsion - which forces you to emulate the "deserving" lifestyle being peddled by current market sellers and thus modify your own identity - is not perceived as external pressure, but as an expression of personal freedom. Today, many young people only want to become famous by Posting videos on social networking platforms or any other means. As for what else they could do, they had no specific idea. What does that mean? For them, being famous means being in the headlines of thousands of newspapers, or appearing on millions of screens, being talked about, being noticed, being wanted - like the bags and shoes and gadgets in glossy magazines that they want for themselves. Turning yourself into a desired, marketable commodity increases one's chances of getting the most attention, fame, and wealth out of the competition. This is what today's dreams and fairy tales are made of. According to French sociologist Francois de Sangli, identity is no longer a question of roots. Instead, he used the metaphor of an anchor. Unlike pulling out one's roots and freeing oneself from the guardianship of society, pulling an anchor is neither irreversible nor a decisive event. You don't like that. Why? We can only become someone else if we cease to be what we are now, so we must abandon our former selves forever. Because of the endless stream of new options, it won't be long before we see our current selves as outdated, unsatisfactory, and uncomfortable. Doesn't the ability to change what we are also contain the power of liberation? Whether in the United States or New Zealand, then or now, this is the motto of the people: Reinvent yourself! Of course, this strategy is not new: When things get tough, turn around and run. People try to do that all the time. What's new, though, is escaping your own desires by choosing a new self from the catalog. What began as confident steps toward a new horizon soon became an obsessive routine. The liberating "you can be someone else" becomes the compulsive "you must be someone else." This sense of obligation is not like the freedom people seek, and many people rebel against it.

Exploring the culture deep in my memory: walking into Chaoshan villages

"A star at the zenith opens a study underground." -- "Good Praise Guangdong" online work collection competition "Chaoshan Year - Peace and Prosperity" kicked off with a Chaoshan folk song, focusing on various traditional cultural customs during the New Year in Chaoshan, the creator Chen Qiang visited various parts of Chaoshan, the shooting lasted nearly two months. Ying song and dance, "Ying Master", Chaozhou opera, burning fire dragon, jumping fire, fireworks… Fireworks, colorful dazzling, Chen Qiang in the picture many times clever use of night and fireworks light and shade contrast, to create a harmonious romantic atmosphere, there is Xin Qiji's "east wind night flowers thousands of trees." More blow down, stars like rain "" Feng Xiao sound moving, jade pot light turn, night fish dragon dance" scene. The music combines the music of the Chaoshan opera, with the smart camera switch and the moving mirror, and the rhythm is full, showing the vitality of the New Year and the youth of the Chaoshan traditional culture in the new era. "Nowadays, more and more young people are interested in local culture and traditional folk customs." Chen Qiang said that through the short video new media platform, as long as the content is interesting and meets the tastes of young people, netizens at home and abroad are willing to "like" and exchange, which is a great radiation. With an audience, there are correspondingly more creators. In addition, Chen Qiang also has some friends around him, who are not only interested in the shooting of traditional folk customs, but also continue to collect information and practice to spread and promote. The more he came into contact with Chaoshan traditional culture, the stronger Chen Qiang's preference for it, including those traditional cultures he was not willing to contact before. "Chaozhou opera has not received much attention among young people of my generation. Its tone and performance mode are not very attractive to young people." At the beginning of this year, Chen Qiang rushed around the small villages of Chaoshan, into the Chaozhou opera performance stage, the Chaozhou opera's clothing, makeup, front and back of the stage are all recorded in the camera, and he felt how the actors carefully prepared for the play. "Once I got to know them and filmed them, it was fun to sit in the audience and watch them perform." Chen Qiang has never felt this way before. The seats around him were dominated by people in their 50s, with few young people. At this moment, he thought of his parents. "In the past, there was no TV to watch, and everyone gathered in front of the ancestral hall at night, simply pulling up the curtain was a weekly Chaozhou opera screening." In the days before television, they learned about the plot of Journey to the West and some allusions to Chaoshan through Chaoshan dramas." Chaozhou opera, carrying the joy and joy of the young people of that era, has also become a memory that they can not erase. Traditional culture and customs are a treasure buried deep in the memory of everyone. The small changes of folk activities reflect the changes of rural life. For example, the very lively "Ying Master" activity in "Chaoshan Year - Peace and Prosperity", as a very representative folk ritual cultural activity in Chaoshan area, has also had a lot of new changes in Chen Qiang's eyes. "In the past, the road for 'Ying master' was very difficult to walk, but now there is a large venue for such events, the road surface is more spacious and the environment is much better." Chen Qiang recalled that in the past, there were more old houses, and weeds and paper scraps everywhere were easy to cause fires. Now the "Ying master" is equipped with better safety measures, such as the fire dragon, which has a relatively perfect fire emergency plan.

Going deep into Shanxi, it can even take more than 100 days

In the singing of Shanxi Zuoquan folk song "Peach Blossom, Red Apricot and White Flowers", Jiang Jianbo, a scholar of cultural travel and master's tutor of Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, visited Shanghai Library (East Hall) to share his new book "Shanxi on the Earth", and told about this calm and heavy province through multiple groups of human geography dialogues. He said that the warm and traditional Shanxi people, the open and enterprising Shanghai people, different Chinese people are working together to build the same Chinese dream. "The steadiness of Shanxi and the exuberance of Shanghai constitute China's past, present and future." At the sharing meeting on November 11, Jiang Jianbo mentioned, "Shanxi on the earth is built on the four-dimensional overall space of 'heaven - earth - God - man'. If we take a more grand position and look from Shanxi in the mountains and rivers to Shanghai in the East China Sea, a space with similar connections will be presented to us." And this is 4100 years ago, Hedong salt pond (located in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province), the two ancestors Shun, Yu led the ministers to sing the song, meaning the pursuit of light, the revival of China. For example, on the human and divine level, the City God Temple in Shanghai is dedicated to Huo Guang, whose ancestor was named after his founding at the foot of Huoshan Mountain in Shanxi Province. Songjiang Tang Jing Building in Shanghai and Wutai Foguang Temple in Shanxi are both powerful witnesses of the Sinicization of Buddhism. Shanghai Tower and Yingxian Wooden Tower both use the "double sleeve" building structure. "Shanxi on the Earth" is described in 28 representative geographical coordinates, including Huanghe Jinshan Grand Canyon, Hedong Yanchi, Wutai Mountain, Yingxian Wooden Tower, Xinghua Village, and so on, which is called "Shanxi Museum on paper" by readers. The book describes in detail the structure of this wooden peak tower in Ying County: entering the first floor, you can see a circle of outer columns and a circle of inner columns, and the octagonal plane of the tower is divided into a corridor for believers to walk and worship (outer slot) and the tower ventricle for enshrines the solemn Buddha statue (inner slot). Inside the center of the tower, in addition to the two north and south walls, the other six walls are painted with six large Buddhas with circular arches 趺坐. Together with the 11-meter-high sitting Buddha in the center, they form the layout of the past seven Buddhas. Looking around, it is also seen that the inner groove and the outer groove are closely connected through the longitudinal and transverse structures such as beams and square beams, forming a double sleeve structure with strong rigidity. Modern architecture calls this mode "tube in tube". In Jiang Jianbo's view, to understand Shanxi, just skimming a few places, is far from enough, "go deep into Shanxi, and even spend more than 100 days." He suggested to the reader that the plan could be based on the four counties in Shanxi during the Han Dynasty. In Yanmen County, Xinzhou, Shuozhou and Datong, you can enjoy the most splendid ancient Buddhist art in Shanxi. In Taiyuan County of Jinzhong, the provincial capital and its vicinity gather rich museum resources and Jinshang ancient town style; Hedong County in the south of Shanxi Province, which is equivalent to Linfen City and Yuncheng City, is an important area where Yao, Shun and Yu created rituals and music, so many ancestral temples were left, including the tomb of Emperor Shun and the Temple of Guan Di. Finally, Shangdang County in the southeast of Jin retains a large number of relatively complete local architectural groups, and the "Golden Triangle of ancient architecture" composed of Gaoping City, Lingchuan County and Zezhou County is worth appreciating. Book reviewer, Shanxi Radio and television editor Xu Wensheng also came to the scene that day. He commented: "This book is also a good book for the world to re-understand Shanxi and China. In the formation and trend of freedom and unity, individuality and commonality, Shanxi has gradually formed the values of "stability as the root, people-oriented, Shou as the principle, and harmony as the purpose" at the beginning of the farming civilization, and it is deeply rooted in the soul and genes of the people, and has an influence to this day. In the view of Qin Chang, the host of the scene, from Shanxi on the Loess Plateau to the Oriental pearl Shanghai, in the face of the great clash of cultures, it is because the Chinese nation's basic adherence to the "ritual and music order", the fundamental confidence and strong sense of belonging to thousands of years of excellent traditional culture, so that we can again and again internalize foreign thoughts and cultures into elements that meet our own development requirements. In order to achieve the stable operation of society, "This is the most exciting sentiment of this lecture."

New voice: "Generation Z" set off the pear garden trend

At the foot of the Yellow Crane Tower, along the river into the bustling old streets of Wuchang, where there is an ancient theater hidden. Every weekend, the gongs and drums are clanging, the play is even on the stage, and the audience is not only stumbling old fans, but also college students from surrounding schools, and tourists who come to the nearby Tanhualin scenic spots. "The Yongfang Ancient Theater used to be an old 'theater den' in Wuchang, but it has been dormant for years due to disrepair, and sometimes there are more actors on stage than there are audiences off stage." What impressed Guo Guowei, head of the Chu Troupe of Hubei Provincial Opera Art Theater, was that after the Spring Festival this year, the renovated ancient theater was opened to the public again, and this time, it seemed to "come alive". Watching the seats of 200 people were slowly filled, and even the scene was full, Guo Guowei felt that the theater was "reborn", and the spring of the opera was coming again! At the scene, the reporter saw the figure of the familiar young actors, and also got a glimpse of the ancient theater "popular" password. Compared with the tension before a performance at a local opera and art festival, the actors here are significantly relaxed, and the backstage laughter is constantly. "I have performed a lot of times, at the beginning there will be pressure, gradually more comfortable, confident, especially after every performance to hear the audience's warm applause, is my happiest time." Said Li Yang, a Huangmei Opera actor born in 2003. Yongfang Ancient Theater has become a position for young actors to accumulate stage experience. "Young actors need a platform to show their performances, and traditional opera also needs the relay and vitality of the new generation." Mei Pengcheng, general manager of Hubei Opera Art Theater, said that regular performances by the orientation class students who just graduated from Hubei Vocational College of Art not only gave young people the opportunity to exercise, but also attracted many young fans and literary and artistic youth, and the old theater became a new "Internet red" place, and it was an instant red on social media. National Vocational College Skills Competition Opera Performance Award, Chinese Children's Opera Little Plum Blossom Festival, the ninth China Peking Opera Art Festival… From the small theater to the big stage, this batch of skilled and excellent character of the new drama has been in a number of provincial and national important performances and awards. In April this year, Beijing Meilanfang Grand Theater, nearly a thousand audience watched the fourth "Lihua Cup" national youth drama education and teaching achievements exhibition activity, the Han opera "Sizhou City" and the Chu opera "Three Dozen Golden Branches" instrumental performance performed by young actors trained by Hubei Vocational College of Art won the "Excellent exhibition work" and "Music Exhibition" awards, which were highly praised by the industry. In addition to the rapid growth of a number of "post-00" rookies, "post-90" and "post-80" new stars have also shone on the stage. Not long ago, the 14th Hubei Drama Peony Awards were presented in Wuhan. More than 10 young opera performers from Hubei, including Sun Shuaikang and Yi Weizi, took the stage to accept the awards. Their operas covered Peking Opera, Han Opera, Chu Opera, Hubei Yue Tune and Flower Drum Opera. A blossoming "peony flowers" blooming stage, for the budding "plum blossom" ready to go. That night, the Huimin performance attracted fans from the three towns of Wuhan to compete to go to the Jingyun stage was full. Sun Shuaikang, 25, won acclaim for his performance in the Hubei Yue tune "Small Dinner". "We learned from the performance characteristics of Jin opera, with feathers to show Lu Bu's mood." Sun Shuaikang explained, "When I went to Changzhi, Shanxi Province to learn from the teacher, it was snowing that day, the teacher said, you are the fourth to come to me to learn, the people in front of you finally gave up, you are sure you can endure hardship?" This bitter Sun Shuaikang ate. The head is extremely tight, with the neck force, control the two feathers on the head dancing, two hundred circles in the morning and two hundred circles in the afternoon every day, he practiced for a whole year, "after practicing, after vomiting, continue." "Hubei Yue Tune is a non-heritage drama, condensing the efforts of the elders, although the middle was once asleep and on the verge of extinction, but now that we have entered this group, we must shoulder the responsibility of inheritance." At the same time, we will learn from big operas and add innovative elements such as coloratura, so that the road of Hubei Yue Tune will become wider and wider." Sun Shuaikang said. Wang Xinmin, the old head of the troupe, is pleased that compared with the old facilities and morale of the troupe ten years ago, there are now a large number of talents. In 2014, a new play "Looking at Sun Sun" saved the old Hekou Yu Opera Company at that time. Later, the company changed its focus from Henan opera to revitalizing Hubei Yuetao, and changed its name to Laohekou Hubei Yuetao Xianren Flower Drum Opera Art Protection and Inheritance Center. Since 2016, the company has recruited nearly 30 new young people, and the average age of actors is now 23, with the youngest being 16. When the reporter came to the waiting area of the Peony Award performance, not only the actors, but also the musicians, makeup artists and logistics teams of the troupe were all young faces, and the breath of youth came to their faces. They are active in front of the stage and behind the scenes, and are determined to become the leading actors and top talents of various kinds of dramas and drama groups in Hubei Province. In 1989, He Jingzhi, a famous poet and playwright, made a special trip from Beijing to Wuhan and gladly wrote an inscription for the newly established "Hubei Drama Peony Award" - "The leader has an early spring, competing for peony flowers". Time flies, Hubei Drama Peony Flower Award has gone through 34 years. Among the 32 winners of the "Plum Blossom Award" in Hubei Province, 28 of them went from the "Peony Flower Award" to the podium of the "Plum Blossom Award" and "Erdu Plum" of the Chinese Dramatists Association, becoming the leader of today's drama stage. Yang Jun, chairman of Hubei Provincial Federation of Literature and Arts and a famous Huangmei Opera artist, encouraged the young actors at the award ceremony: "This honor confirms your hard work and persistent efforts to pursue your dream stage, and represents your love and sincere feelings for the art profession and drama career."

Literature makes you stronger inside

In life you may be misunderstood for no reason; To be unjustifiably injured; Being slandered and insulted for no reason. In fact, the people who slander and hurt you know very well what they are doing, and all they do is to achieve their own hidden purposes. When you see through the ugliness of the performer's human nature, your heart will be relieved, and your heart will laugh at the poor actor, and there is no audience for your hard work. People have virtues, such as water to clear, square is square, will not be wrong to change the shape. Never underestimate the evil of human nature. People with selfish, narrow and greedy hearts, they usually hide it, but when they distort and expand their hearts, if they involve hidden purposes such as money desires, they will nakedly show the evil side of greed, ugly behavior, and the evil of human nature is presented without reservation. Long-term inner dark distorted view of things will be filled with evil thoughts, and finally will give themselves a bad result, the world has a result, everything done today will be presented in the future with a result. Ancient Greek proverb: If God would destroy it, he must first make it mad. Life is a process of cultivation. To cultivate the mind is to fear nature, and to be in awe will learn humility. Some people live a wonderful life, some people live an ordinary life, and some people live a tragedy. Those who strive to keep moving forward will live brilliantly; Wife good son filial piety family harmony ordinary contains happiness; Some people are bossy and paranoid and turn their lives into tragedies. How much you realize in life is how much you gain, or the old saying goes well: both young and old should leave themselves a way out. When you go through a low point in your life, ask yourself, what do you want from your heart? What do you want with your life? What is most important to you? Learn to let go of everything, give up all the things that hinder you, and withdraw in time to stop your losses. Life is short, I hope to the end of life do not sigh so, what kind of results worthy of my displaced life. Master Hongyi said: Life is the desire and desire, the process of decreasing, we must learn to give up and return, give up all the impetuous noise, return to inner peace. Read a lot when you are at the bottom of your life, so that your mind can rise to nirvana. I have been in adversity to read the "Lu Xun Complete works", this complete work is published in 1981, 96 re-edition of the old book, the book has dust also like the soul shame. Take it out of the bookcase and gently wipe it, and the book I bought when I was young is remembered to read some yellow pages today. It can be seen how young is fickle, floating in the air, intoxicated with some of the surface of life glitz, experience some hardships, will understand that books are the magnet of spiritual precipitation. When I was young, I did not understand Lu Xun, but when I read Lu Xun in middle age, I realized that the world under Mr. Lu Xun's pen is bleak, and a sharp pen is like a scalpel to analyze social conditions. Mr. Lu Xun is a litterateur, a thinker, but also a soldier. Only by reading Lu Xun can we help people out of the predicament of life. Professor Qian Liqun commented on Lu Xun: "The combination of hard-bone spirit and toughness spirit." The "Bring Doctrine" in this "and Jieting Essay" wrote: But none of us according to the etiquette of "reciprocity", said: bring! Of course, it is not a bad thing to just send it out, one is rich, and the two are generous. … Although it is said that the coal dug up in the ground will be enough for the whole world for hundreds of years. But what about hundreds of years from now? After a few hundred years, of course, we become spirits, or go to heaven or hell, but our children and grandchildren are here, so we should also leave them a little gift. Mr. Lu Xun's views on society, analysis of human nature, the spur to human opinion is not out of date until today. Reading Mr. Wang Zengqi's prose, marvel at Mr. Wang's writing from the ordinary life to start simple and simple and refined, prose written loose and God narrative calm and peaceful, quoting the meaning of profound, "Dragon Boat Festival duck egg" "Garden" only personal experience will write such a real feeling. I once lamented why I could not write such a good prose, it is because Mr. Wang Zengqi has a profound cultural heritage, he was influenced by traditional culture and ancient cultural thoughts when he was young, he could write such a brilliant article, practice the "sword" perfectly, and write the prose to a higher realm. Mr. Wang Zengqi wrote well, painted a good hand of Chinese painting, virtue and art Shuangxin was known as the last scholar-official. Mr. Wang Zengqi wrote in "Self-reported family" : "I like Song Confucianism's poem: all things are complacent, four times and people with good." To put it more literally: suddenly feel the business is full, know that there are many suffering people in the world. I think Confucians love people, so I call myself a "Chinese humanitarian." "Time does not live, time flows, only the inner spiritual and cultural beauty, is eternal." See Mr. Ye Jiaying said this sentence to understand what is eternal in life. Mr. Ye Jiaying has been displaced all her life, experienced the hardships of life when she was young, experienced the misunderstanding of her husband's domestic violence, and lost her daughter in middle age. In the face of hardships, her original heart has not changed, and she has selflessly dedicated her life to ancient poetry. Mr. Ye Jiaying sighed: Ancient poetry supported me through troubles, ancient poetry saved me. Elderly people donate their savings to encourage poetry creators. She once said, "The greatest function of poetry is to make you have an immortal and unrigid mind." Mr. Mu Xin once said: "You want me to destroy, I don't, I can't live up to the upbringing that art has given me!" Mr. Mu Xin was in prison, and in the 650,000 words of his manuscript, there was no blood indignation, no tearful complaints, but only aesthetic and philosophical thinking. What do you do when you're down in life? To raise the head straight waist to see the sky, calm and calm, do not argue, do not argue, clear from the clear, turbid from the turbid. Read quietly, think quietly, do your own thing quietly, deep reading accumulation precipitation thinking output. The function of literature is to make your heart stronger, help you out of suffering, beyond the self, literature is like a beam of light to lead you out of the darkness of life. Mr. Mu Xin said: "Usually only know that art makes people feel tender like water, and when a catastrophe is coming, I know that art also makes people have the heart of diamond." It was art that got me through the hardest times."

When people are old, these three things are best rotten in the belly and do not tell their children

First, it's about the past. "We learn wisdom from adversity, and virtue from pain." This saying tells us that most people will experience hardships or make mistakes in some things in their life, but we should believe that it is these experiences that temper our strong mind and optimistic attitude. When we look back, many things are not worth mentioning, which is also a reflection of wisdom. Therefore, when people are old, there is no need to easily tell their children about the "ugly things" even if they are rotten in the belly. On the one hand, these things are not honorable, if let our children know, it may damage their image of us, and even set a bad example. For example, many older people may have drunk too much alcohol or made ugly mistakes when they were younger, and these things are not worth mentioning. Second, it is about complaining that their children are not promising. "In this world, some people do not necessarily have money to get love; Having money does not necessarily make you happy; Happiness does not necessarily lead to health; Having good health doesn't always work out." Everyone has their own path in life, and we can't help our children forever. When we are old, our children have reached a certain age and understand the truth of life. As parents, we should encourage them instead of complaining about their failure. No matter what happens, we should look at it with optimism, as the saying goes. As long as you and your children are in good health, this is already a great wealth. Finally, there is the distribution of property. "Only those who live in humble circumstances have the best chance to see the truth of society in all its forms." "Humble" here can be understood to mean that when we are in a weak position or do not have much earning power, we are better able to see the reality of people and social conditions around us. As the saying goes, "The rich have distant relatives in the mountains, but the poor have no one to ask in the busy city." Therefore, when people are old, even if the children are dutiful, do not easily disclose the distribution of property. After all, many elderly people need to be taken care of by their children in their later years, and if the distribution of property is disclosed too early, the children may feel that it is unfair, resulting in estrangement, affecting their relationship with each other and not conducive to their later life.

Pastoral IP, a cyberhealing place for urbanites

"After the eaves of elm willows, in front of the peaches and plums. Like-like to the remote village 墟里 smoke." Those idyllic poems engraved in memory are the concentration and echo of ancient farming civilization. But it's only been a year or two since the idyllic drama began to emerge. Following the phenomenon of the pastoral healing drama "To the windy place" starring Liu Yifei at the beginning of the year triggered the longing of the whole network of social animals, iQiyi's new drama "Field Cultivation" continued to sing pastoral songs, with the novel setting of "holographic game + farming" to attract attention, the market share of Yunhe was as high as 16.7%, the total number of plays of the series has broken 500 million, leading the October network drama market. Netizens called "farming text into reality, addictive." Golden fields of rice and wheat, white clouds and birds, trees and trees, the house is simple, the countryside as a utopia of urban people's hearts, as if a tried-and-tested medicine. But how long will this wind last? Can "Pastoral Healing" really be a new genre? In the 1980s and 1990s, most of the rural dramas were based on heavy literary works, with a strong reality background, and the characters and protagonists were deeply portrayed, such as "Fence · Woman and Dog", "Snowstorm Tonight", "Peasant" and "Foreign Sister", etc., focusing on the differences between urban and rural areas. After entering the 21st century, the country drama also has a new look, "rural love" and "Liu Laogen" such light comedy began to be born. In recent years, the main theme of rural revitalization plays are many, such as "Mountain and sea situation", "Flower mountain Township" and "Daughter of mountains", writing various stories between grassroots cadres and native villagers for the construction of the countryside, the focus is on the collision of ideas of different groups, where the countryside is revitalized with survival resilience. In the past, the audience group of local dramas has always been relatively fixed, mainly audiences with rural life experience or curiosity about rural life, overlapping types of audiences such as comedies, period dramas, etc., or original fans, on the whole, are circular, which is somewhat inconsistent with the current young market. After all these years of rapid urbanization, the "discourse" of the countryside is somewhat diminished. Today, the classic IP "Rural love" has been broadcast to the 15th, and the parents are still short and scattered, and the Northeast rural fireworks are unconsciously affecting the audience's cognition of the countryside. For example, Chen Xiao and Li Qin's "The Road to Life", although Lu Yao's "Life" as the base, but also because of the black and thin Liu Qiaozhen, the image of rural people is too rigid, and urban dramas often used to sharpen the conflict of rural people "clown", are with subjective bias of art processing. But the appearance of "pastoral healing drama", whether from the audience or the interpretation of the countryside, has made people have a new look. There is a strange phenomenon in the drama market: when you see a more mature blockbuster, there are probably some similar works before it, which is a kind of undercurrent like momentum. Before the emergence of the circle level work "Go to the Place with wind", in 2022, Youku's "Small Forest of Two people" and iQiyi's "He Jiajia's Peach Blossom Source" are all taking the route of pastoral healing dramas, but "Small Forest" takes the male and female main love as the main line, and is more inclined to sweet pet dramas. The "He Jiajia" starring is a small transparent show business, although the quality of the series is not bad, in Douban can get 7.9 high scores, but there is not much water when broadcast. "To the place with wind" can be said to be beyond the shortcomings of the previous pastoral drama - starring Liu Yifei, Li now has its own flow discussion degree, but also jumped out of the main man and woman "to fall in love in another place" plot limitations. The group picture depicts success, integrates the propositions of young people returning home to start a business and survive, and truly explores the value and significance of pastoral utopia. For the young people who are rushing around the city grid at present, the emotional resonance and value of "Wind" are undoubtedly incomparable.

Search for the root causes of nuclear disasters in six landmark nuclear accidents in history

Recently, Chang 'an Street Reading Club and Guangdong People's Publishing House jointly held the "Exploring the Future of Nuclear Energy in the Fukushima Crisis - Atom and Ashes" new book sharing meeting. Professor Zhou Tao, Vice Chairman of the China Nuclear Industry Education Society, Director of the Department of Nuclear Science and Technology of Southeast University, doctoral supervisor, full-time director of China General Nuclear Power Group, adjunct professor of Southern University of Science and Technology and Xiamen University, Professor Yin Xiong, researcher level senior engineer and Doctor, led the book. Two experts in the field of nuclear energy research and nuclear energy industry, through video link, from both academic and industrial aspects, on whether nuclear power plants are safe, why nuclear leakage accidents occur, what impact on our lives, China's nuclear technology development and other issues of common concern to the public, bring authoritative and detailed interpretation. Professor Yin Xiong believes that it is necessary to define the concept first, conventional nuclear power plants discharge nuclear wastewater, is treated and harmless to the environment, and the nuclear sewage discharged by Japan contains a large number of radioactive substances, which will cause great harm to the environment. The two concepts should not be confused, let alone questioned about the safety of nuclear power plants. He believes that the Japanese government has violated the three basic ethics of responsibility, technology and fraternity in this incident, which has had a psychological impact on the people of the Pacific coast region and caused great harm to the global environment and Marine life. The Chinese government is a responsible government. On the one hand, it will continue to exert pressure on the Japanese government, including politically, economically and diplomatically, to urge the Japanese government to comply with the call of the people of the world and stop the discharge of the remaining nuclear sewage. On the other hand, the relevant functional departments and enterprises of the Chinese government will strictly test the water quality, Marine life and seafood in the relevant waters, especially the Marine food that may be placed on the tables of the Chinese people, and will take corresponding measures even if there is a small problem. At the same time, he reminded the general public that buying iodized salt will not help prevent nuclear contamination and damage. Medical iodine tablets in nuclear power plants will only be used in the event of major radioactive material leakage accidents, and there is no need for ordinary people to take them. Regarding the safety of nuclear power plants, Professor Zhou Tao believes that the reason why nuclear power plant accidents are concerned by the public is related to the low risk rate and high risk characteristics of nuclear power itself. In fact, for more than 400 reactors in operation in the world, major nuclear accidents have only been in the single digit for decades, and the probability is not high, and the fatality rate of nuclear accidents is far less than traffic accidents. Or the energy industry other than nuclear power. However, the safety of nuclear power technology itself is sufficiently guaranteed, he took the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in the United States as an example, and the research results after many years showed that the cancer prevalence of local people did not increase after the smoking factor, which can be seen that its safety. The pressurized water reactor used in the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant is completely consistent with the technical route adopted by China. Most of China's current reactors are pressurized water reactors, which are designed with containment vessels and are safe enough to ensure safety. Nuclear safety is an important part of national security and people's security. As a person in the nuclear energy industry, it is still a long way to go to popularize the development of nuclear energy to the public. With public support and people's understanding, nuclear power can move forward better, faster and healthier. Nuclear power governance, nuclear safety governance, is an important part of the modernization, to ensure that nuclear power is foolproof, to eliminate the public because of the nuclear power technology is not familiar with the doubts, and then increase social support for nuclear power recognition, to create a good atmosphere for nuclear power. In the double background of energy crisis and environmental crisis, nuclear energy is a very good alternative energy, but the danger of nuclear radiation is self-evident, as Professor Proloki, the author of the book "Atom and Ashes", said: "When it is safe, nuclear energy is the cleanmost energy in the world; In the event of an accident, nuclear power is the dirtiest energy source in the world." So how do we deal with this contradiction when it comes to developing nuclear energy? How to develop nuclear power more safely? Professor Yin pointed out that nuclear power is comparable to other forms of new energy, including solar and wind, in terms of environmental benefits. As the known energy source with the highest energy density, it is also a low-carbon energy source, which is irreplaceable in strategy. The technology maturity of nuclear power, economy and general safety have been verified in the history of nuclear power development, large-scale use of atomic energy technology is completely feasible. Although nuclear radiation is a threat, mankind has mastered the basic methods to avoid this threat. Professor Zhou then introduced that China has made great progress in the research and development, application and autonomy of new reactors: reactor technology is gradually realizing the leap from the second generation to the third generation, research on nuclear fusion is also increasing, and private capital has also appeared in the nuclear energy field, and the entire industry is full of vitality. The two experts finally discussed the six nuclear accidents described in the book "Atoms and Ashes", and agreed that although several major nuclear accidents in human history have environmental factors, the most critical factor is the human factor, which is not mature technology, management defects, government supervision is lacking, and the safety awareness of practitioners is indifferent. In the context of the general environment, there are also reckless and reckless behaviors that ignore safety facilities and safety management for performance, and these problems are generally due to the lack of nuclear safety culture. Fortunately, these devastating nuclear accidents have also encouraged us to think about and improve nuclear safety measures, improve safety standards and enhance safety awareness, and there is every possibility that the nuclear industry can prevent problems before they occur.

The long volume of poems of Ryukyu enthronement missions in Kangxi was exhibited in Fuqing, Fujian Province

Poetry volume overall majestic atmosphere, strong writing. The poem volume author Huang Ziyun, character Shilong, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Huang Shilong went to Ryukyu in his prime, and retreated to the mountains after his return. Huang Ye Hong Sixty Rhyms, the fourth part of the book "Bubaobu Manuscript" written by Han Qi, describes the influence of Huang Shilong's poems in Ryukyu. The land of Ryukyu is now Okinawa. In the early Ming Dynasty, Ryukyu established suzerain-vassal relations with China, which lasted for nearly 500 years. All the new Kings of Ryukyu had to ask the Chinese emperor for a title when they ascended the throne. The long scroll describes the scenes of ceremonies and banquets held by Qing envoys during the conferring of Ryukyu. In the volume, there is a sentence of "Zhongshan Earth plaque given by this dynasty", which refers to the plaque hanging high in the main hall of the Shuli city of the Ryukyu Kingdom, with four characters of "Zhongshan Earth" in the imperial pen of the Emperor Kangxi, given to the Shangzhen King of Ryukyu in the 21st year of Kangxi (1682), which shows the close relationship between Ryukyu and China at that time. Xu Baoguang, the imperial envoy of the Qing Dynasty, wrote an article titled "You Shan Nan Ji", which mentioned Huang Shilong's trip to Ryukyu, which was included in the Annals of Ryukyu by Zhou Huang, who was also the Imperial envoy. The article records: "South of the Naha River, all the time Shannan King also." … On November 21, 1911, Kai Zijin doctor CAI Wen, general minister Hong Shixian, visitors Weng Changzuo, Huang Shilong, Wu Fen, brother Zeng Guang, etc., rode over a hundred people to cross the river and cut off the mountains to the south." A "guest" is a member of the entourage in the conferring mission. According to scholars such as Professor Fang Baochuan and Associate Professor Fang Yao of Fujian Normal University Regional Research Center, in addition to the principal, deputy and functional officers, the delegation to Ryukyu in the Qing Dynasty could also accompany visitors. After the imperial decree was read out at the ceremony, the enthroner also presented various items to the new king of Ryukyu on behalf of the Chinese emperor to show his tenderness and compassion. On the other hand, the Ryukyu State held a banquet for the envoys in the "Heavenly Embassy" where they stayed, and set up a "banquet director in charge of seven banquets; Palm animal, palm sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks sent; Supply house, in charge of wine, rice, side dishes delivered." Huang Shilong, as one of the guests of Xu Baoguang's mission, witnessed the ceremony and recited a poem. The writer of this long volume was a famous calligrapher in Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, during the reign of Kangxi. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the members of the enthronement missions included scholars, monks, taoists, doctors, experts in astronomy and meteorology, painters and calligrapher, piano players and other talents. Compared with the official and deputy ambassadors, they had more time to socialize with people from all sectors of Ryukyu society and spread Chinese poetry, calligraphy, rites, and music widely in Ryukyu, which greatly stimulated the enthusiasm of the scholars and people of Ryukyu for traditional Chinese culture and promoted the civilization and progress of Ryukyu society. Although the reputation of the visitors is not prominent, but played an important role in the cultural exchanges between China and Euclidean.

Is Analects really so great?

Many people have heard of the book The Analects of Confucius. So, what kind of book is the Analects of Confucius? Simply put, the Analects of Confucius is a dialogue between the great sage Confucius and his disciples, which is the chat record of the sage. Of course, the saints talk, not parents, not star gossip, they talk about learning, talk about ideals, talk about self-improvement, talk about governance, talk about all the topics that gentlemen care about. It can be said that most of the essence of Confucius' thought and doctrine are concentrated in this book. Thoughtful students may find that the "theory" of the Analects is clearly the "theory" of discussion, but why not read the second sound and read the fourth sound? This should start from the origin of the book of the Analects. Although the Analects of Confucius mainly records the words of Confucius, it was not written by Confucius himself. According to the explanation of "Han Shu Yi Wen Zhi", the Analects of Confucius was edited by his disciples and his disciples after his death, and the so-called "Analects" means "the compilation of words", which is the "sayings of saints" edited by Confucius's disciples and grandchildren. Now the prevailing "Analects of Confucius" a total of 20, more than 11,000 words, each take the first two or three words as the title, that is, everyone sees "learning and" "for politics" "Gongyechang" and so on. Confucius is known as the "sage of the time", is the "master" among the saints, so he is also respected as "the most sage teacher", which is the reason why the main hall in the Confucius Temple is entitled "Hall of Great success". Confucius is the only one who can get the title of "Dacheng" in Chinese history. The Analects of Confucius, as a classical book recording the words of sages, has been valued since the Song Dynasty and is a compulsory subject in the ancient imperial examinations. The examiner often draws a sentence or a few words from it as the topic of the proposition essay. The ancients have a saying that "half the Analects rule the world". It is said that Zhao Pu, the prime minister of the Song Dynasty, was proud of his life, and as a successful person, he admitted when sharing his successful experience that he did not read other books, and all knowledge came from the Analects of Confucius. During the war, he used "half the Analects to rule the world"; In peacetime, he also used "half the Analects to govern peace". "Analects of Confucius" function is not big, look at the prime minister Zhao as the Song dynasty CEO, marry Bai Fumei, to the peak of life example is enough. However, if you have normal intelligence and the spirit of independent thinking, after reading through the Analects of Confucius, you will have doubts: can Confucius and his disciples really govern the country well with these fragments of words? Du Fu has a poem, "children's learning ends in the Analects of Confucius", which means that the Analects is a textbook for children's enlightenment. The truth always catches you off guard. What most people think of as the Confucian "Bible" turns out to be only entry-level reading. Of course, the primer does not mean that the Analects is not important. In fact, the Analects is concise and comprehensive, profound philosophy, many sentences have become deeply popular aphorisms, such as "do not do to others what you do not want to do", "think twice before you act", "haste makes waste" and so on. A close reading of the Analects of Confucius, although it can not "rule the world", has a good guiding effect on our understanding of traditional culture, especially on self-cultivation, learning and life.

The way of loyalty and forgiveness, the Dharma of Kongmen's practice

Almost all of us have this kind of person: high school is extremely good, to the university but nothing to do, he is really not interested in the major, and do not know what he really like, so he began to skip classes, play games all night, and finally drop out. Why is this? Our education is too much just pay attention to the development of intelligence, and now some parents are even more so, wish that their children don't do anything, as long as they focus on reading, resulting in some children although the grades are very good, but there is a great lack in moral, moral, personality and other aspects. If Confucius had seen the modern parenting style, his jaw would have dropped. We mentioned earlier that Confucius said, "If you have the power to do, you can learn literature", that is, before learning culture, there is a lot of preparation. What are they? Confucius said, "Disciples, when they enter, they are filial, when they leave, they are fraternical, they are sincere, they love the people, and they love benevolence." If you have the power to do something, you can learn it." You must first learn to honor your parents at home, respect your brothers outside, be prudent and trustworthy, be friendly with everyone extensively, and be close to virtuous people. In this way, I still have the spare power to learn mathematics, physics and chemistry. In the view of Confucius, before learning, we must first repair our moral character and establish a good foundation for being a man. Confucianism stresses the importance of self-cultivation, family governance and world peace, and self-cultivation is a necessary condition for family harmony, state governance and world peace. The core concept of Confucius' theory is benevolence. What is benevolence? Confucius to the most proud disciple Yan Hui explained: to restore the ritual is benevolence. That is to restrain oneself, so that words and deeds can meet the requirements of etiquette, which is benevolence. He also detailed the specific practices, "do not see, do not hear, do not speak, do not move," that is, do not see, do not listen, do not say, do not do things that do not conform to the rules. Confucius also gave a relatively low understanding of the student Fan Chi explained what is benevolence, the answer is very simple, benevolence love. So how do we do that? "Be respectful at home, respectful at deacons, and loyal to others," that is to say, be respectful at home, be careful and prudent in handling affairs, and be faithful and sincere to others. It's still a bit much. Is there a simpler rule? Disciple Zi Gong asked, "Who has a word and can practice it all his life?" Confucius replied, "I forgive you! Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Confucius believed that forgiveness is a lifelong principle of self-cultivation. However, it should be noted that the forgiveness here is not forgiveness, but comparing heart to heart, using one's own heart to infer the heart of others, the basic principle is "do not do to others what you do not want", and do not impose what you do not want on others. As the saying goes, "To err is human." How to deal with mistakes is the key to self-improvement. Confucius warned his disciples to "see the wise and think alike, see the bad and introspection also", see the wise, they should want to look up to him; If you see a person who is not virtuous, you should reflect on yourself. But there are not many people who can really do it, so Confucius said with emotion, "It is almost done, I have not seen anyone who can see their own mistakes and blame themselves from the heart." Disciple Zeng Zi was very touched by the teacher's words, and he should do "three times a day I examine my body" and reflect on it many times a day. Confucius himself was very good at self-reflection and corrected his mistakes. Someone once asked Confucius, Did Duke Zhao of Lu know the rites? Confucius, taking into account the status and position of Duke Zhao of Lu, replied that he knew the rites. People later said to his disciples: A gentleman should not be partial to others. Duke Zhao of Lu violated the etiquette of "no marriage with the same surname" and married a Wu woman with the same surname Ji, and called her "Wu Mengzi" in order to hide her ugliness. If he knows etiquette, who doesn't? The disciple told this to Confucius, and Confucius did not get angry because he had made a fool of himself in front of his disciples, but said very sincerely: "Qiu is lucky, if there is a mistake, people will know about it." It can be seen that Confucius values self-cultivation very much. However, cultivation is important, work is more important. It is not enough to be a moral gentleman, a gentleman must also learn to make a living. So, how did Sage Kong live? The way of loyalty and forgiveness, the Dharma of Kongmen's practice Almost all of us have this kind of person: high school is extremely good, to the university but nothing to do, he is really not interested in the major, and do not know what he really like, so he began to skip classes, play games all night, and finally drop out. Why is this? Our education is too much just pay attention to the development of intelligence, and now some parents are even more so, wish that their children don't do anything, as long as they focus on reading, resulting in some children although the grades are very good, but there is a great lack in moral, moral, personality and other aspects. If Confucius had seen the modern parenting style, his jaw would have dropped. We mentioned earlier that Confucius said, "If you have the power to do, you can learn literature", that is, before learning culture, there is a lot of preparation. What are they? Confucius said, "Disciples, when they enter, they are filial, when they leave, they are fraternical, they are sincere, they love the people, and they love benevolence." If you have the power to do something, you can learn it." You must first learn to honor your parents at home, respect your brothers outside, be prudent and trustworthy, be friendly with everyone extensively, and be close to virtuous people. In this way, I still have the spare power to learn mathematics, physics and chemistry. In the view of Confucius, before learning, we must first repair our moral character and establish a good foundation for being a man. Confucianism stresses the importance of self-cultivation, family governance and world peace, and self-cultivation is a necessary condition for family harmony, state governance and world peace. The core concept of Confucius' theory is benevolence. What is benevolence? Confucius to the most proud disciple Yan Hui explained: to restore the ritual is benevolence. That is to restrain oneself, so that words and deeds can meet the requirements of etiquette, which is benevolence. He also detailed the specific practices, "do not see, do not hear, do not speak, do not move," that is, do not see, do not listen, do not say, do not do things that do not conform to the rules. Confucius also gave a relatively low understanding of the student Fan Chi explained what is benevolence, the answer is very simple, benevolence love. So how do we do that? "Be respectful at home, respectful at deacons, and loyal to others," that is to say, be respectful at home, be careful and prudent in handling affairs, and be faithful and sincere to others. It's still a bit much. Is there a simpler rule? Disciple Zi Gong asked, "Who has a word and can practice it all his life?" Confucius replied, "I forgive you! Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Confucius believed that forgiveness is a lifelong principle of self-cultivation. However, it should be noted that the forgiveness here is not forgiveness, but comparing heart to heart, using one's own heart to infer the heart of others, the basic principle is "do not do to others what you do not want", and do not impose what you do not want on others. As the saying goes, "To err is human." How to deal with mistakes is the key to self-improvement. Confucius warned his disciples to "see the wise and think alike, see the bad and introspection also", see the wise, they should want to look up to him; If you see a person who is not virtuous, you should reflect on yourself. But there are not many people who can really do it, so Confucius said with emotion, "It is almost done, I have not seen anyone who can see their own mistakes and blame themselves from the heart." Disciple Zeng Zi was very touched by the teacher's words, and he should do "three times a day I examine my body" and reflect on it many times a day. Confucius himself was very good at self-reflection and corrected his mistakes. Someone once asked Confucius, Did Duke Zhao of Lu know the rites? Confucius, taking into account the status and position of Duke Zhao of Lu, replied that he knew the rites. People later said to his disciples: A gentleman should not be partial to others. Duke Zhao of Lu violated the etiquette of "no marriage with the same surname" and married a Wu woman with the same surname Ji, and called her "Wu Mengzi" in order to hide her ugliness. If he knows etiquette, who doesn't? The disciple told this to Confucius, and Confucius did not get angry because he had made a fool of himself in front of his disciples, but said very sincerely: "Qiu is lucky, if there is a mistake, people will know about it." It can be seen that Confucius values self-cultivation very much. However, cultivation is important, work is more important. It is not enough to be a moral gentleman, a gentleman must also learn to make a living. So, how did Sage Kong live?

Positive work, the philosophy of the saint

Kong Fuzi is not a moralist who speaks of benevolence and righteousness, and what he teaches his students is not an abstract theory. He does not encourage his students to be nerds in the ivory tower, but rather to show their skills in the real world. One of his disciples Zixia said: "Learning and being good makes a scholar, and being good makes a scholar, and studying and working as an official should complement each other." There are many life experiences in the Analects of Confucius that teach students how to behave in the world. Some people say: It is better not to read than not to know people. The first thing to do in life is to learn to read people. Confucius taught, "Look at his reasons, see his reasons, and see where he lives." How can a man hide? How can a man hide?" To understand a person, there are three points: the first is to look at his motivation; The second is to observe his means of doing things; The third is to examine what he is comfortable doing. If these three points are clear, what else can people hide? These three points look simple, but it is actually not easy to do. Even old Master Confucius had mistakes, and he once said bitterly: Take people with words, and give them when they lose. Zaiyu was an excellent disciple of Confucius, and his eloquence was excellent. At first, Confucius heard him speak very insightful and liked him very much, but later found that the boy was a little inconsistent. Once, Zaiyu sleep during the day, Confucius looked very angry, said: "rotten wood can not be carved, the wall of dirt can not be carved, rotten wood can not be carved, the long pile of dirt walls can not be painted." That's a pretty good comment. It's every word. Not to mention this, Confucius went on to say, "From the beginning, I listen to others and believe in their actions; Now I listen to what people say and watch what they do. "At first, when I hear what people say, I believe what they do. Today, when I hear his words, I examine his deeds. It can be seen that to know people, first learn to speak. Confucius said, "If you do not know what you are saying, you cannot know who you are." However, Confucius gives people the feeling that he does not love to talk, he teaches students "gentlemen want to be slow in speech and quick in action", but in fact, Confucius not only loves to talk, but also a master of talking, he hates is "rhetoric", rhetoric, is "off-guard", full of mouth running train, east parents, west family short and so on. And Confucius speech is very careful, pay attention to "therefore less than the tongue", that is, a gentleman's word, four words can not be recalled. So, how should a gentleman speak? Confucius said, "If you are with words but not with them, you lose people; Do not go with words and with words." Should not say, lose friends; You shouldn't be talking nonsense, wasting your breath. Confucius also taught how to talk with teachers, leaders, etc., "What is not enough is called mania, what is not enough is hidden, what is not seen color is called blind." You rush to speak before it is your turn, this is rash; It is your turn to say, but you do not say, this is deliberately concealed; He who speaks without looking at the faces of others is blind. This is Confucius's philosophy of speaking. Confucius also had his own ideas about making friends. As we know, friends are very important in life. How to make friends? Confucius said there are three kinds of good friends and three kinds of bad friends. Good friends are: friends straight, friends understanding, friends informed, that is, honest people, honest people, well-informed people, these three kinds of people are good friends. Bad friends are: friends will be open, friendly and gentle, friends will be sycophant, that is, the heart of the evil and not right people, good at flattery, used to talk people, these three kinds of people are bad friends. About making friends, Confucius also has a general principle: no friend is better than oneself. Don't make friends with people who are not as good as you, of course, this is not to make everyone snobbish, but to communicate with people who are stronger than you in virtue, knowledge, and ability. It's important to have a sense of proportion when dealing with friends. Confucius said: "The number of the king, shame; The number of friends is sparse." It means that if you give repeated advice to the leader, you will incur humiliation; Repeated advice to a friend will lead to estrangement. What to do? "Advice and good way, can not stop, do not humiliate yourself", that is, Confucius said the middle way, to be impartial, compromise, do everything, to grasp the degree, grasp the heat, neither can not meet the requirements, can not do too much, the so-called too much.

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