上海乌托邦论坛

Sowing: "four forces" cultivate Runjing Chu

Opera is the treasure of Chinese culture, and the key to the prosperity and development of opera lies in people. The year 2016 is a turning point for the development of opera in Hubei Province. How to revive the "drama dock", how to save the talent team? The Publicity Department of Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Department of Education and the Provincial Department of Culture jointly issued a document, deciding to recruit a group of Chu opera, Han opera and Huangmei Opera students from primary school graduates in the province for the provincial Opera art theater, and enrolling Hubei Vocational College of Art in accordance with the "5+2" (the first 5 years of secondary school and the second 2 years of higher vocational education) model. A national attention to the opera small actors "audition" immediately began. In September of that year, three free orientation classes were opened, and 158 "play Miao children" selected from 200,000 children in the province came to the provincial capital and embarked on the seven-year professional learning road. Plum blossom fragrance comes from bitter cold. Yang Jun, the president of Hubei Provincial Opera Art Theater at that time, was affectionately called "the mother of the dean" by the children. She said that the training of opera talents is a long-term systematic project, and the training of children is very important and extremely difficult. At the beginning of the training, the children were bruised and their legs were swollen, and they felt overwhelmed. For this reason, the theater selected 3 young and vigorous backbone experts to serve as the head teacher of 3 classes, and took care of their growth in "strict management" and "great love". "Human, material, financial and mental energy are all poured into opera training." Qin Hui said that Hubei has introduced a number of policies to promote the revitalization of the opera "Grand Pier", a total investment of more than 30 million yuan to support the seven-year system training, equipped with more than 30 full-time teachers, and hired famous masters to enter the classroom, which is rare in the country. The establishment of colleges, the establishment of specialties, the training of talents, and specific measures for the inheritance and development of traditional opera "escort". Follow Qin Hui came to Hubei Vocational College of Art, the reporter saw that another batch of new small pear flowers are learning Chu opera opera "cart will", the teaching teachers are Chu opera famous Peng Qinglian, Chen Changxi, the two teachers group teaching, the students' body, singing, eyes, every detail one by one. "Four times a week, I travel half of Wuhan City to Jiangxia by bus and subway and give 16 lessons to the children." Peng Qinglian said that taking repertoire teaching as the center, taking drama with merit and promoting drama with merit, these targeted skills training will lay a solid foundation for them and accompany them for life. Chen Kun, 19, who plays Yu Lao Fourth in Push the Cart, comes from the Hong 'an Chu Theatre Company and has been trained in the school for four years. "From the beginning of ignorance, to practice basic skills, to learn repertoire, stage performances, step by step into the world of opera art." In the future, I hope to continue to hone my skills and take on a bigger stage." Chen Kun said. When the actors rehearse, the band composed of drum, Yueqin and Jinghu also cooperate. Drummer Huang Siyuan told reporters that they this group of students a total of 29 people, everyone perform their duties, run-in progress, back to the Red an Chu troupe, is a set of can directly perform on stage. For a long time, Hubei has implemented the plan of "Passing on the Torch · Master Art", established the "Opera Master Studio", paid attention to the training of young and middle-aged opera backbone, and organized professional training courses and repertoire inheritance and improvement classes in different categories. And jointly with the National Academy of Chinese Opera, Shanghai Theatre Academy to hold opera director, choreography design training classes, jointly with the China Federation of Literature and Art Research Institute to hold screenwriter training classes, through years of hard work, Hubei opera talent team presented a "orderly inheritance, new people come out in large numbers" happy situation. Colleges and universities are also important positions for the inheritance of local operas. Every Friday night, in the Art School building of Hubei University, there are always bursts of babbling opera, young and young, happy in it. This is the opera corner activity of Liyuan Opera Ancient Style Society of Hubei University. Students of different majors and different ages are sitting around, led by several senior brothers and sisters with good singing skills, learning to sing a "Wujiapo" sentence by sentence. "Nasulong Wei Hu is the media certificate, and Prime Minister Wang is my officiator." Mention others I do not know, that Sulong Wei Hu is a relative…" Whether it is an old opera fan who has been immersed in the pear Garden for a long time, or a small opera white who has just started, they can simply sing along with the melody and gradually become better. "I joined the opera club in my sophomore year, and I really like this simple and strong artistic atmosphere. I listened to and learned more operas, gained a lot of knowledge, and had many opportunities to perform on stage." Hubei University College of literature, a student Zhang Junyan said. Zhou Liling, the instructor of the association and the person in charge of the Communication Center of Hubei Local Opera Colleges and Universities, introduced that since the establishment of the center in 2008, the association has planned and organized a number of college communication activities such as Hubei local opera Forum, a series of opera lectures and "520 I Love Opera Makeup", "Opera Creative Workshop" and "College Opera Alliance". It has achieved a win-win situation between local opera and quality education in colleges and universities. "The New generation of opera is a new generation that spans the opera industry, universities and new media, and their creativity and vitality can make traditional opera develop vividly in the new situation." If we can establish a mechanism to cultivate young talents in the three fields, it will be of great significance to the communication of college opera in the new era." Zhou Liling said. Now in Hubei, Huimin performances emerge in an endless stream, and opera culture has become a common trend. In recent years, Hubei has compiled the "Revitalization of Wuhan Opera" Grand Pier venue Construction Plan ", invested 500 million yuan in the construction of Tan Xinpei Grand Theater, invested 600 million yuan in the construction of Wuhan Opera Art Center, and created a new landmark of "Opera pier". Hongshan Auditorium, Hubei Theater and Wuhan Theater have been upgraded successively, and Hubei opera performance facilities have ranked among the top in the country. In accordance with the requirements of convenience and convenience for the masses, small opera venues such as Jingyun Grand Stage and Luojiashan Theater were repaired and renovated, and a number of opera "pocket parks" were built.

When people are old, these three things are best rotten in the belly and do not tell their children

First, it's about the past. "We learn wisdom from adversity, and virtue from pain." This saying tells us that most people will experience hardships or make mistakes in some things in their life, but we should believe that it is these experiences that temper our strong mind and optimistic attitude. When we look back, many things are not worth mentioning, which is also a reflection of wisdom. Therefore, when people are old, there is no need to easily tell their children about the "ugly things" even if they are rotten in the belly. On the one hand, these things are not honorable, if let our children know, it may damage their image of us, and even set a bad example. For example, many older people may have drunk too much alcohol or made ugly mistakes when they were younger, and these things are not worth mentioning. Second, it is about complaining that their children are not promising. "In this world, some people do not necessarily have money to get love; Having money does not necessarily make you happy; Happiness does not necessarily lead to health; Having good health doesn't always work out." Everyone has their own path in life, and we can't help our children forever. When we are old, our children have reached a certain age and understand the truth of life. As parents, we should encourage them instead of complaining about their failure. No matter what happens, we should look at it with optimism, as the saying goes. As long as you and your children are in good health, this is already a great wealth. Finally, there is the distribution of property. "Only those who live in humble circumstances have the best chance to see the truth of society in all its forms." "Humble" here can be understood to mean that when we are in a weak position or do not have much earning power, we are better able to see the reality of people and social conditions around us. As the saying goes, "The rich have distant relatives in the mountains, but the poor have no one to ask in the busy city." Therefore, when people are old, even if the children are dutiful, do not easily disclose the distribution of property. After all, many elderly people need to be taken care of by their children in their later years, and if the distribution of property is disclosed too early, the children may feel that it is unfair, resulting in estrangement, affecting their relationship with each other and not conducive to their later life.

The long volume of poems of Ryukyu enthronement missions in Kangxi was exhibited in Fuqing, Fujian Province

Poetry volume overall majestic atmosphere, strong writing. The poem volume author Huang Ziyun, character Shilong, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Huang Shilong went to Ryukyu in his prime, and retreated to the mountains after his return. Huang Ye Hong Sixty Rhyms, the fourth part of the book "Bubaobu Manuscript" written by Han Qi, describes the influence of Huang Shilong's poems in Ryukyu. The land of Ryukyu is now Okinawa. In the early Ming Dynasty, Ryukyu established suzerain-vassal relations with China, which lasted for nearly 500 years. All the new Kings of Ryukyu had to ask the Chinese emperor for a title when they ascended the throne. The long scroll describes the scenes of ceremonies and banquets held by Qing envoys during the conferring of Ryukyu. In the volume, there is a sentence of "Zhongshan Earth plaque given by this dynasty", which refers to the plaque hanging high in the main hall of the Shuli city of the Ryukyu Kingdom, with four characters of "Zhongshan Earth" in the imperial pen of the Emperor Kangxi, given to the Shangzhen King of Ryukyu in the 21st year of Kangxi (1682), which shows the close relationship between Ryukyu and China at that time. Xu Baoguang, the imperial envoy of the Qing Dynasty, wrote an article titled "You Shan Nan Ji", which mentioned Huang Shilong's trip to Ryukyu, which was included in the Annals of Ryukyu by Zhou Huang, who was also the Imperial envoy. The article records: "South of the Naha River, all the time Shannan King also." … On November 21, 1911, Kai Zijin doctor CAI Wen, general minister Hong Shixian, visitors Weng Changzuo, Huang Shilong, Wu Fen, brother Zeng Guang, etc., rode over a hundred people to cross the river and cut off the mountains to the south." A "guest" is a member of the entourage in the conferring mission. According to scholars such as Professor Fang Baochuan and Associate Professor Fang Yao of Fujian Normal University Regional Research Center, in addition to the principal, deputy and functional officers, the delegation to Ryukyu in the Qing Dynasty could also accompany visitors. After the imperial decree was read out at the ceremony, the enthroner also presented various items to the new king of Ryukyu on behalf of the Chinese emperor to show his tenderness and compassion. On the other hand, the Ryukyu State held a banquet for the envoys in the "Heavenly Embassy" where they stayed, and set up a "banquet director in charge of seven banquets; Palm animal, palm sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks sent; Supply house, in charge of wine, rice, side dishes delivered." Huang Shilong, as one of the guests of Xu Baoguang's mission, witnessed the ceremony and recited a poem. The writer of this long volume was a famous calligrapher in Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, during the reign of Kangxi. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the members of the enthronement missions included scholars, monks, taoists, doctors, experts in astronomy and meteorology, painters and calligrapher, piano players and other talents. Compared with the official and deputy ambassadors, they had more time to socialize with people from all sectors of Ryukyu society and spread Chinese poetry, calligraphy, rites, and music widely in Ryukyu, which greatly stimulated the enthusiasm of the scholars and people of Ryukyu for traditional Chinese culture and promoted the civilization and progress of Ryukyu society. Although the reputation of the visitors is not prominent, but played an important role in the cultural exchanges between China and Euclidean.

We want poetry and distance

Perhaps everyone's heart has a poem and the distance, and I, for poetry and the distance of the attachment seems more heavy, there is a lover, a tested love, there are children, but not because of raising children and dilute the love, so you must see my desire for love and attachment. So like how the other party, probably have a lot of dream components, tall, handsome, ability and not bad, the conditions are not bad, the most important thing is that you love me, read here you probably also see my unrealistic, so always can not meet their own think of the good match, complaining that the sky is not satisfactory, fate is not beautiful. I may also be aware of their own paranoia, but always can not understand this should be confused life, why is confused life, probably confused life will be easy, always want to understand it, probably will eat a lot of pain. Recently, I was born with a not small illness, which left a not small hidden danger in my reasonably smooth life, and the days of rushing about in order to live have become another experience in my life, I know at this moment that not all people are eager for love, not all people can expect happiness, their poetry and distance may just be no pain, can live well. Therefore, this life ah, I can't understand more and more, has been persistent love it is what it is, but see the color of the chase, or be favored by the bully, you and I are friendship is just a moment of this life seasoning. So my poetry and the distance is a little dim, probably all the poetry and the distance in the world are not worth clinging to it, there are too many signs of life, poverty or success, illness or physical fitness, all of them, are just there, all of the obsession is just trouble, poetry and the distance is beautiful, but everything can not reach the degree of obsession, Otherwise, the heart will never reach perfection, and to insist on a perfection will hurt the body, and all this is not self-seeking? I probably want to say goodbye to my poetry and distant obsession, accept the olive branch of fate, accept imperfection!

The status and function of Chinese local Chronicles in historical records

On the origin of China's historical records, we should be the most ancient books and spring and Autumn. Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801) said that the six classics are all history, that the ancients did not have a hard time to understand, and the six classics were all the rules of the previous king. Gong Zizhen (1792-1841) believed that the Six Classics were the grandsons of Zhou history. The I Ching is the history of divination, the Shujing is the history of recording speech, and the Spring and Autumn Annals is the history of recording events. The national style is the historian from the folk poetry and to pay the music, the elegant song is the historian from the scholar-official, the ritual is the law of the generation, all belong to the historian. In this way, it is related to history. Later, the works of the convention, general convention, and general examination of various special legal documents were also included in historical records, which adequately shows that when we want to study the comprehensive culture of society, we will naturally expand the scope of collection of historical materials. Otherwise, they can only be confined to the small circle of political history. In any case, according to the increasingly sophisticated view of today's book classification, Shang Shu and Spring and Autumn annals should always be precious historical records in ancient times. Since Sima Qian wrote historical records and Ban Gu and his son wrote Hanshu in the Han Dynasty, there has been a distinction between classics and history in the concept of ordinary people. During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, and the early Tang Dynasties, the private practice of history was flourishing, and there were more and more poems and essays, and more and more books collected. Originally according to the content of the book classification as seven slightly, to the Jin Dynasty and there are four divisions. The book of war, techniques, techniques into the sub-section, poetry and Fu into the collection, into the classics, history, Zi, collection four. The meaning of this classification seems to be that the book is the great origin of the nation, the history is the sign of social and cultural development, the son is the reason of individual exploration, and the set is the emotional expression of the spirit of individual freedom. The history of classics is high in the world, and the Oriental culture is somehow cast into the characteristics of academic spirit that pay attention to the general and comprehensive, only seek to accommodate each other, despise the abstract division and opposition, and skills are not respected in academia, so the scholars and scholars intertwine the history of classics, and even the history of literature can not be separated. Until the Qing Dynasty Qianlong opened the museum to reorganize the four libraries, the classification is still the same, the history Department listed 15 categories of subheadings, and only 150 kinds of local records. Although there are many historical records, later generations can not be organized into a complete and systematic Chinese general history and cultural history. In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Qu Pingzhi sighed in the preface to the draft of the local annals: "There is a reason why our people cannot understand our national nature, and there is no real historical reason." History does not know the trace of all social activity, and focuses only on the outstanding deeds of one or two persons, just as I know today that the thoughts and actions of those who circle around me are much the same, and that those who are a little further away from me are glued to hundreds of years ago and have changed little." Yu Shaosong also said in Preface 3 of the draft of the Local Annals: "In the field of national history today, there is no special department, and the genre of works should also be slightly changed. It is necessary to use the example of the general aspiration, covering the local social situation, and not focusing on the central politics, which is reasonable, of course, and also when the situation is inevitable, if it depends on the local aspiration. In recent times, although politics has changed repeatedly, we have not been able to harmonized with human rights. National affairs 臲卼 are the reason for this." From this point of view, the accumulation of historical materials in our country is indeed a lot, but it is a pity that the study of history needs to be reviewed again! Since Tang and Song dynasties, the compilation of historical records has evolved a lot, and the evolution of official cultivation has been the royal records in the form of Chronicles, the official history in the form of Chronicles, the Canon of etiquette, and the local records with emphasis on geography. There are also the formal history of the chronicle, the history of the other, the chronicle of the end of the matter as the main line, the general examination of the annals, the special history of the Canon, the genre and the content have improved. History also gave birth to two outstanding figures. One is Liu Zhiji (661-721) in the Tang Dynasty, he took the historical books made by the family, elucidates the examples, discusses the benefits of the disease, and has survived the history of the book, unique commentary. The other was Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801), who had compiled records for Hezhou, Yongqing and Bozhou, and had worked as an aide to Bi Yuan, compiling the general records of Hubei. He was the first person to attach importance to local aspirations, experience the matter personally, and put forward specific suggestions. Both men are worthy historians. Since human beings have the concept of time, they no longer cut the chains of the past, present and future, which is the root of historical interest. With the concept of space, and thirst for geographical knowledge. The evolution of life has made the system of cultural relics increasingly complex. The discussion of history extends from geometric straight lines to horizontal stretches. China's land is large, the population is large, the mountain climate is different, the transportation in the past is far less convenient than in the recent days, and it is easier to form local characteristics. It is obvious that a national history compiled by only a few people cannot cover the whole social phenomenon in various places. With the development of The Times, local Chronicles were initiated in the Ming Dynasty and flourished in the Qing Dynasty, and have now become the important corner of historical records. This is why we want to introduce local records. Since the compilation of local records was advocated in the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty was prosperous. Under the cover of Chinese studies, the author first pays attention to the history of classics, and then adds the afterglow of the history of literature, and the local records collected in the library in the early years have a specific level. In fact, with the encouragement of the Government's general orders, all the historical materials collected by local masters are trustworthy and are not limited to the official collections. According to Zhu Shijia's statistics, there were 4,655 kinds of local Chronicles compiled in the Qing Dynasty, 1,286 in the Kangxi period and 1,024 in the Qianlong period. Zhili has the largest number of 403 species, while Sichuan, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi and Zhejiang each have more than 300 species. In 1930, he counted 4,912 local Chronicles in China. In 1935, the total number of species was 5,832, 93,237 volumes, 730 species were identified in 1938, and 700 more were identified in 1958. This brings the total to 7,262 species. Compared with the official history, the volumes are so numerous that no one can really read them all with the energy of his life. But we needn't have done that. As long as you know that this is a historically unexplored mountain forest, there are many treasures to be discovered. Now, according to Gu Jiegang's preface to the Chinese Local Chronicles, the main points of the general local Chronicles are as follows: Geography - evolution, territory, area, division; Politics - establishment, staffing, troop preparation, memorabilia; Economy - household registration, land taxes, goods, tariffs; Society - customs, dialects, temples, auspicious differences; Literature - people, art, stone, historical sites; It is clear that the annals are extensive in content and that the materials they draw from archives, letters and stone tablets are very credible. It is only true to say that "to correct history, the correct history shows its inadequacy". This means that local Chronicles have also become an important part of historical records in terms of quantity and content. In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Qu published an examination of the local Chronicles, including both the Chronicles of Jiangsu, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, listing the dates of compilation, the names of the authors, the history of the old Chronicles, and the number of volumes, as well as distinguishing styles and commenting on the achievements and losses, paying special attention to the special history, which was a document to guide the study of the local Chronicles. In addition, in the 20th year of the Republic of China, the local Chronicles collected by the Imperial Palace were catalogued and published, and in the 22nd year, after the merger of the Peking Library and Beihai Library, more than 3,800 local Chronicles were collected and catalogued. In 23 years, Zhu Shijia compiled a comprehensive catalogue of local Chronicles, listing more than 5,000 kinds. Zhu Shijia saw only three thousand kinds in Peiping, and later visited the provincial catalogs of Hanfenlou in Shanghai, the Xujiahui Catholic Church Collection, Jinling University, Nanyang Middle School, Sun Yat-sen University, and knew that Wang Shoushan had more than one th […]

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