上海油压论坛

[People's life] The hospital of Traditional Chinese medicine a few years ago, the card has surplus money, can also be returned?

A few days ago, cleaning, find out a doctor's card of a hospital of traditional Chinese medicine, only to remember that the balance of one or two hundred yuan has not been used up, as if this kind of doctor's card has not been used up, can it be returned? … Netizen: Hello! Please bring your ID card and medical card to the charging window on the first floor of our outpatient clinic to check for refund procedures. If you encounter special circumstances, please go to the first floor service desk for consultation, our staff will help you. … How do you know how much balance is in it? Shouldn't you be at the hospital? … It's expired. … Where can I deposit money on this card… Can be returned should, I am not used in Xi 'an to come back to return. … Netizen: Hello! Please bring your ID card and medical card to the charging window on the first floor of our outpatient clinic to check for refund procedures. If you encounter special circumstances, please go to the first floor service desk for consultation, our staff will help you. … It's a smart thing to do, you know? Haha… I'm out of my depth… Haha, rabbit Shanghai Zhongguancun development is good ah, behind the city of happiness, there is also a fountain light show on the other side of the Canal Park, the light show is very beautiful, light and shadow changes, water dance flying, feeling that the effect of spending money is quite lively, there are a lot of people, just don't know if it is every night? Or just a few days a week? Does anyone know? It feels good to take a walk there at night and look at the light show. Where is the location? Every night? … The house could go up a bit… Pretty… Stop dreaming. It'll keep falling… The South River commercial complex has been planned on the east side of the North garden of Happiness City. … Friday to Sunday, north of the north garden of the Happy city… I heard that houses in the north of the city fell even more. … There are many exhaust gases in industrial parks, and the prices of second-hand houses and dismantled houses in industrial parks have fallen, and many of them have to rot in their hands. Well, I'll tell my friend not to take the house north of town. … If you bought it in the first half of the year, it's not a problem to lose 100,000… The river next to it stinks. It spoils the view… Fell 5500 a square meter 2 hand room… At this rate of population decline, at this rate of economic decline, the house price of 3,500 is not necessarily affordable… Long named happy city, so later more and more happy. … It's only $5,000 over there now… The green door by the fountain is a failure. The whole park is so beautiful. It's better to put something like a green ghost door than nothing at all… Houses are not for speculation, they are for living, and those who say that they have fallen and risen are not interesting. … The strength of the choice of Yanshan New District, it is said that the Yanshan New District school district is not so good, ordinary families, you can buy the transition of the happy city, marry a wife always buy a house, and then you can change to improve the type. There is no denying that Happiness City is currently the center of Zhongguancun, the east is attached to the South Normal University primary School, the west is attached to the South Normal University Middle School, both front and back are parks. The middle street is a busy street, nothing wrong with that. Up and down, you are not investing, there is no need to get too entangled. … Ask your friend to buy Yanshan New District, which is 2-3 million. … Light night landscape beautification floating bright! … Pay the loan… Could it?

Sowing: "four forces" cultivate Runjing Chu

Opera is the treasure of Chinese culture, and the key to the prosperity and development of opera lies in people. The year 2016 is a turning point for the development of opera in Hubei Province. How to revive the "drama dock", how to save the talent team? The Publicity Department of Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Department of Education and the Provincial Department of Culture jointly issued a document, deciding to recruit a group of Chu opera, Han opera and Huangmei Opera students from primary school graduates in the province for the provincial Opera art theater, and enrolling Hubei Vocational College of Art in accordance with the "5+2" (the first 5 years of secondary school and the second 2 years of higher vocational education) model. A national attention to the opera small actors "audition" immediately began. In September of that year, three free orientation classes were opened, and 158 "play Miao children" selected from 200,000 children in the province came to the provincial capital and embarked on the seven-year professional learning road. Plum blossom fragrance comes from bitter cold. Yang Jun, the president of Hubei Provincial Opera Art Theater at that time, was affectionately called "the mother of the dean" by the children. She said that the training of opera talents is a long-term systematic project, and the training of children is very important and extremely difficult. At the beginning of the training, the children were bruised and their legs were swollen, and they felt overwhelmed. For this reason, the theater selected 3 young and vigorous backbone experts to serve as the head teacher of 3 classes, and took care of their growth in "strict management" and "great love". "Human, material, financial and mental energy are all poured into opera training." Qin Hui said that Hubei has introduced a number of policies to promote the revitalization of the opera "Grand Pier", a total investment of more than 30 million yuan to support the seven-year system training, equipped with more than 30 full-time teachers, and hired famous masters to enter the classroom, which is rare in the country. The establishment of colleges, the establishment of specialties, the training of talents, and specific measures for the inheritance and development of traditional opera "escort". Follow Qin Hui came to Hubei Vocational College of Art, the reporter saw that another batch of new small pear flowers are learning Chu opera opera "cart will", the teaching teachers are Chu opera famous Peng Qinglian, Chen Changxi, the two teachers group teaching, the students' body, singing, eyes, every detail one by one. "Four times a week, I travel half of Wuhan City to Jiangxia by bus and subway and give 16 lessons to the children." Peng Qinglian said that taking repertoire teaching as the center, taking drama with merit and promoting drama with merit, these targeted skills training will lay a solid foundation for them and accompany them for life. Chen Kun, 19, who plays Yu Lao Fourth in Push the Cart, comes from the Hong 'an Chu Theatre Company and has been trained in the school for four years. "From the beginning of ignorance, to practice basic skills, to learn repertoire, stage performances, step by step into the world of opera art." In the future, I hope to continue to hone my skills and take on a bigger stage." Chen Kun said. When the actors rehearse, the band composed of drum, Yueqin and Jinghu also cooperate. Drummer Huang Siyuan told reporters that they this group of students a total of 29 people, everyone perform their duties, run-in progress, back to the Red an Chu troupe, is a set of can directly perform on stage. For a long time, Hubei has implemented the plan of "Passing on the Torch · Master Art", established the "Opera Master Studio", paid attention to the training of young and middle-aged opera backbone, and organized professional training courses and repertoire inheritance and improvement classes in different categories. And jointly with the National Academy of Chinese Opera, Shanghai Theatre Academy to hold opera director, choreography design training classes, jointly with the China Federation of Literature and Art Research Institute to hold screenwriter training classes, through years of hard work, Hubei opera talent team presented a "orderly inheritance, new people come out in large numbers" happy situation. Colleges and universities are also important positions for the inheritance of local operas. Every Friday night, in the Art School building of Hubei University, there are always bursts of babbling opera, young and young, happy in it. This is the opera corner activity of Liyuan Opera Ancient Style Society of Hubei University. Students of different majors and different ages are sitting around, led by several senior brothers and sisters with good singing skills, learning to sing a "Wujiapo" sentence by sentence. "Nasulong Wei Hu is the media certificate, and Prime Minister Wang is my officiator." Mention others I do not know, that Sulong Wei Hu is a relative…" Whether it is an old opera fan who has been immersed in the pear Garden for a long time, or a small opera white who has just started, they can simply sing along with the melody and gradually become better. "I joined the opera club in my sophomore year, and I really like this simple and strong artistic atmosphere. I listened to and learned more operas, gained a lot of knowledge, and had many opportunities to perform on stage." Hubei University College of literature, a student Zhang Junyan said. Zhou Liling, the instructor of the association and the person in charge of the Communication Center of Hubei Local Opera Colleges and Universities, introduced that since the establishment of the center in 2008, the association has planned and organized a number of college communication activities such as Hubei local opera Forum, a series of opera lectures and "520 I Love Opera Makeup", "Opera Creative Workshop" and "College Opera Alliance". It has achieved a win-win situation between local opera and quality education in colleges and universities. "The New generation of opera is a new generation that spans the opera industry, universities and new media, and their creativity and vitality can make traditional opera develop vividly in the new situation." If we can establish a mechanism to cultivate young talents in the three fields, it will be of great significance to the communication of college opera in the new era." Zhou Liling said. Now in Hubei, Huimin performances emerge in an endless stream, and opera culture has become a common trend. In recent years, Hubei has compiled the "Revitalization of Wuhan Opera" Grand Pier venue Construction Plan ", invested 500 million yuan in the construction of Tan Xinpei Grand Theater, invested 600 million yuan in the construction of Wuhan Opera Art Center, and created a new landmark of "Opera pier". Hongshan Auditorium, Hubei Theater and Wuhan Theater have been upgraded successively, and Hubei opera performance facilities have ranked among the top in the country. In accordance with the requirements of convenience and convenience for the masses, small opera venues such as Jingyun Grand Stage and Luojiashan Theater were repaired and renovated, and a number of opera "pocket parks" were built.

People to middle age these three things do not do, otherwise bitter is their own

Middle age is a turning point in one's life stage, and it is also a stage where wisdom and maturity coexist. At this stage, people should reflect on their past, sum up experience and plan for the future. There are three things, after middle age, we should be careful to avoid self-inflicted consequences. First, do not overreach, feet firmly hidden in the heart. Middle-aged people should be well aware of their own abilities and limitations, and not blindly pursue illusory goals while neglecting the immediate work and responsibilities. Many middle-aged people are eager to make a breakthrough in their career, but neglect their family and physical health, which will be more than worth the loss, and eventually leave regrets. For example, Mr. Li pursued career success in middle age, worked overtime every day, and paid little attention to his family, resulting in estranged family relations and damaged physical health. This is a typical case of overreaching, so middle-aged people should know how to cherish everything in front of them, down to earth, and do not get lost in the illusory distance. When people reach middle age, they must find their own rhythm and continue to live well in accordance with their own rhythm in order to go further. Second, give up the good teacher, hollow as grain practice in the line. In middle age, many people have more or less achievements, at this time, we should maintain a humble attitude, do not be self-righteous, do not blindly give people advice, but should constantly improve their own cultivation and quality in humility. For example, when Ms. Zhang became a senior executive in her middle age, she often decided the direction of the company based on her own experience and opinions, ignoring the advice of others in her team. Such behavior is likely to lead to a decline in team morale, so that individuals in the company can not play their own advantages, and ultimately will inevitably weaken the cohesion of the entire team. Middle-aged people should give up this kind of attitude of being good to others and be vain, which can not only increase their own wisdom, but also improve the effectiveness and cohesion of the team. In middle age, one of the most valuable qualities is to understand that there is something to be done and something to be done. There are things that need to be done as a team, don't be individual heroism. When you need a team effort and you need to listen to the opinions of individuals in the team, don't act arbitrarily, or you may be isolated. Third, do not be "soft hearted" and help the poor with edges and corners. Middle-aged people tend to be kind and kind, but sometimes being too kind can lead to problems. When facing difficulties and crises, middle-aged people should remain resolute and firm, and not be blinded by their own kindness. For example, in middle age, Mr. Wang encountered difficulties in borrowing money from a relative. Although he knew that the relative was not a person he could trust, he lent it to him out of kindness, which eventually led to financial losses and the breakdown of interpersonal relationships. This is the negative impact of "gentleness of heart", middle-aged people in the face of difficulties and crises, should know how to maintain a certain degree of rationality and calm, rather than being affected by their own kindness. Middle age is a very important stage in life, we should bear in mind the three advice of aiming high, giving up good advice to teachers, and not "soft hearted". Only by staying grounded and confident, while remaining resolute and firm, can we live a more leisurely and happy life after middle age. If you have the three problems mentioned above, often do those three things intentionally or unintentionally, I hope you can quit after middle age, otherwise the pain is yourself.

When consumers are commoditized

Like Kafka, Freud has become part of our thought - our common property, so to speak. We are familiar with concepts such as the unconscious, id, ego and superego. George Herbert Mead, the philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist who contributed so much to our thinking about identity, did not use these terms, but ultimately he had the same thing in mind when he spoke of the "Lord and I" and the "guest and I." The "Lord I" is the result of my thinking, the thing that I really am, the real thing. But I am divided, because in addition to this internal "Lord me," there is an external "guest me," that is, the beliefs of the people around me about me, about me, about what I really am. Our life is a struggle for peaceful coexistence between "the Lord" and "the guest". Mead says that an individual's identity is determined through interaction with other individuals. There are many different "guest selves," and the task of the "Lord's self" is to synthesize them into a coherent self-image. In "fluid" or "transient" modernity, identity in its current form is related to such interactions, but more complex. Nowadays, each person has not only multiple "guest selves", but also multiple "Lord selves". You are particularly concerned about this phenomenon. Today, identity is a matter of negotiation. It does flow. We are not born with an established identity that will never change. Plus, we can be multiple people at the same time. When chatting on social networking platforms, you can choose a specific identity in the conversation, and then choose another identity in the next conversation. You can change your identity at any time, and different identities come and go. The interaction between the "I" and the "superego," or the "Lord" and the "guest" is part of our daily work. Freud laid the foundation for our understanding of this interaction. In the context of criticizing today's rampant consumerism, you've discussed the idea of identity as a fashion accessory. You say that the consumer society makes it difficult to be happy because it depends on our unhappiness. In this context, the word "unhappy" is too big. But every marketing manager will insist that his product will satisfy consumers. If that were true, we wouldn't have a consumer economy. If the need is really met, there is no reason to iterate on the product. The left in 1968 called this the "horror of consumerism." What is the difference between consumption and consumerism? Consumption is a characteristic of the individual; consumerism is a characteristic of society. In a consumerist society, the ability to want, desire, and desire something is removed from the individual. It is materialized, which means that it becomes a force outside the individual. It is difficult, or almost impossible, to resist this force, because everyone is subject to it. The desire to satisfy all the needs created by business becomes an addiction that binds society together as a whole. To understand this, one needs to look at history. At the end of the 19th century, many artisans lost their workshops and fell into poverty. But the new factory owners, whose actions had led to the development, again found it difficult to find enough workers. As long as there is bread to eat every day, they will not be willing to submit to the discipline demanded by the factory. The pioneers of the modern market economy feared craftsmen. The bogeyman feared in today's consumer economy is the traditional consumer, because the traditional consumer is satisfied with the product she/he buys. Rather, in contrast to previous forms of consumption, consumerism associated happiness with an increase in the number of desires rather than the satisfaction of needs. This growth requires the constant and rapid use of new things to satisfy these desires. Although the consumerist society claims that satisfying the consumer is its goal, in fact the satisfied consumer is its greatest threat, because it can only continue to thrive if its members are not satisfied. The main goal of marketing is not to create new goods, but to create new demand. That's why products that were the latest in style and advertised as objects of desire a moment ago can suddenly be derided as "obsolete." Children as young as five years old are trained by the consumer society to be "dissatisfied consumers." On Sundays, they will go shopping with their parents in a world full of interesting, exciting and tempting goods. When they get tired of it, they throw it away. Markets include not only goods, but also consumers. As you say, they are also commodified, which brings us back to the question of identity. Consumerist culture is characterized by the pressure to be someone else, to acquire traits that are in demand in the marketplace. Today, you have to market yourself, you have to think of yourself as a commodity, as a product that attracts customers. Members of a mature consumerist society are themselves consumer goods. Paradoxically, this compulsion - which forces you to emulate the "deserving" lifestyle being peddled by current market sellers and thus modify your own identity - is not perceived as external pressure, but as an expression of personal freedom. Today, many young people only want to become famous by Posting videos on social networking platforms or any other means. As for what else they could do, they had no specific idea. What does that mean? For them, being famous means being in the headlines of thousands of newspapers, or appearing on millions of screens, being talked about, being noticed, being wanted - like the bags and shoes and gadgets in glossy magazines that they want for themselves. Turning yourself into a desired, marketable commodity increases one's chances of getting the most attention, fame, and wealth out of the competition. This is what today's dreams and fairy tales are made of. According to French sociologist Francois de Sangli, identity is no longer a question of roots. Instead, he used the metaphor of an anchor. Unlike pulling out one's roots and freeing oneself from the guardianship of society, pulling an anchor is neither irreversible nor a decisive event. You don't like that. Why? We can only become someone else if we cease to be what we are now, so we must abandon our former selves forever. Because of the endless stream of new options, it won't be long before we see our current selves as outdated, unsatisfactory, and uncomfortable. Doesn't the ability to change what we are also contain the power of liberation? Whether in the United States or New Zealand, then or now, this is the motto of the people: Reinvent yourself! Of course, this strategy is not new: When things get tough, turn around and run. People try to do that all the time. What's new, though, is escaping your own desires by choosing a new self from the catalog. What began as confident steps toward a new horizon soon became an obsessive routine. The liberating "you can be someone else" becomes the compulsive "you must be someone else." This sense of obligation is not like the freedom people seek, and many people rebel against it.

New voice: "Generation Z" set off the pear garden trend

At the foot of the Yellow Crane Tower, along the river into the bustling old streets of Wuchang, where there is an ancient theater hidden. Every weekend, the gongs and drums are clanging, the play is even on the stage, and the audience is not only stumbling old fans, but also college students from surrounding schools, and tourists who come to the nearby Tanhualin scenic spots. "The Yongfang Ancient Theater used to be an old 'theater den' in Wuchang, but it has been dormant for years due to disrepair, and sometimes there are more actors on stage than there are audiences off stage." What impressed Guo Guowei, head of the Chu Troupe of Hubei Provincial Opera Art Theater, was that after the Spring Festival this year, the renovated ancient theater was opened to the public again, and this time, it seemed to "come alive". Watching the seats of 200 people were slowly filled, and even the scene was full, Guo Guowei felt that the theater was "reborn", and the spring of the opera was coming again! At the scene, the reporter saw the figure of the familiar young actors, and also got a glimpse of the ancient theater "popular" password. Compared with the tension before a performance at a local opera and art festival, the actors here are significantly relaxed, and the backstage laughter is constantly. "I have performed a lot of times, at the beginning there will be pressure, gradually more comfortable, confident, especially after every performance to hear the audience's warm applause, is my happiest time." Said Li Yang, a Huangmei Opera actor born in 2003. Yongfang Ancient Theater has become a position for young actors to accumulate stage experience. "Young actors need a platform to show their performances, and traditional opera also needs the relay and vitality of the new generation." Mei Pengcheng, general manager of Hubei Opera Art Theater, said that regular performances by the orientation class students who just graduated from Hubei Vocational College of Art not only gave young people the opportunity to exercise, but also attracted many young fans and literary and artistic youth, and the old theater became a new "Internet red" place, and it was an instant red on social media. National Vocational College Skills Competition Opera Performance Award, Chinese Children's Opera Little Plum Blossom Festival, the ninth China Peking Opera Art Festival… From the small theater to the big stage, this batch of skilled and excellent character of the new drama has been in a number of provincial and national important performances and awards. In April this year, Beijing Meilanfang Grand Theater, nearly a thousand audience watched the fourth "Lihua Cup" national youth drama education and teaching achievements exhibition activity, the Han opera "Sizhou City" and the Chu opera "Three Dozen Golden Branches" instrumental performance performed by young actors trained by Hubei Vocational College of Art won the "Excellent exhibition work" and "Music Exhibition" awards, which were highly praised by the industry. In addition to the rapid growth of a number of "post-00" rookies, "post-90" and "post-80" new stars have also shone on the stage. Not long ago, the 14th Hubei Drama Peony Awards were presented in Wuhan. More than 10 young opera performers from Hubei, including Sun Shuaikang and Yi Weizi, took the stage to accept the awards. Their operas covered Peking Opera, Han Opera, Chu Opera, Hubei Yue Tune and Flower Drum Opera. A blossoming "peony flowers" blooming stage, for the budding "plum blossom" ready to go. That night, the Huimin performance attracted fans from the three towns of Wuhan to compete to go to the Jingyun stage was full. Sun Shuaikang, 25, won acclaim for his performance in the Hubei Yue tune "Small Dinner". "We learned from the performance characteristics of Jin opera, with feathers to show Lu Bu's mood." Sun Shuaikang explained, "When I went to Changzhi, Shanxi Province to learn from the teacher, it was snowing that day, the teacher said, you are the fourth to come to me to learn, the people in front of you finally gave up, you are sure you can endure hardship?" This bitter Sun Shuaikang ate. The head is extremely tight, with the neck force, control the two feathers on the head dancing, two hundred circles in the morning and two hundred circles in the afternoon every day, he practiced for a whole year, "after practicing, after vomiting, continue." "Hubei Yue Tune is a non-heritage drama, condensing the efforts of the elders, although the middle was once asleep and on the verge of extinction, but now that we have entered this group, we must shoulder the responsibility of inheritance." At the same time, we will learn from big operas and add innovative elements such as coloratura, so that the road of Hubei Yue Tune will become wider and wider." Sun Shuaikang said. Wang Xinmin, the old head of the troupe, is pleased that compared with the old facilities and morale of the troupe ten years ago, there are now a large number of talents. In 2014, a new play "Looking at Sun Sun" saved the old Hekou Yu Opera Company at that time. Later, the company changed its focus from Henan opera to revitalizing Hubei Yuetao, and changed its name to Laohekou Hubei Yuetao Xianren Flower Drum Opera Art Protection and Inheritance Center. Since 2016, the company has recruited nearly 30 new young people, and the average age of actors is now 23, with the youngest being 16. When the reporter came to the waiting area of the Peony Award performance, not only the actors, but also the musicians, makeup artists and logistics teams of the troupe were all young faces, and the breath of youth came to their faces. They are active in front of the stage and behind the scenes, and are determined to become the leading actors and top talents of various kinds of dramas and drama groups in Hubei Province. In 1989, He Jingzhi, a famous poet and playwright, made a special trip from Beijing to Wuhan and gladly wrote an inscription for the newly established "Hubei Drama Peony Award" - "The leader has an early spring, competing for peony flowers". Time flies, Hubei Drama Peony Flower Award has gone through 34 years. Among the 32 winners of the "Plum Blossom Award" in Hubei Province, 28 of them went from the "Peony Flower Award" to the podium of the "Plum Blossom Award" and "Erdu Plum" of the Chinese Dramatists Association, becoming the leader of today's drama stage. Yang Jun, chairman of Hubei Provincial Federation of Literature and Arts and a famous Huangmei Opera artist, encouraged the young actors at the award ceremony: "This honor confirms your hard work and persistent efforts to pursue your dream stage, and represents your love and sincere feelings for the art profession and drama career."

When people are old, these three things are best rotten in the belly and do not tell their children

First, it's about the past. "We learn wisdom from adversity, and virtue from pain." This saying tells us that most people will experience hardships or make mistakes in some things in their life, but we should believe that it is these experiences that temper our strong mind and optimistic attitude. When we look back, many things are not worth mentioning, which is also a reflection of wisdom. Therefore, when people are old, there is no need to easily tell their children about the "ugly things" even if they are rotten in the belly. On the one hand, these things are not honorable, if let our children know, it may damage their image of us, and even set a bad example. For example, many older people may have drunk too much alcohol or made ugly mistakes when they were younger, and these things are not worth mentioning. Second, it is about complaining that their children are not promising. "In this world, some people do not necessarily have money to get love; Having money does not necessarily make you happy; Happiness does not necessarily lead to health; Having good health doesn't always work out." Everyone has their own path in life, and we can't help our children forever. When we are old, our children have reached a certain age and understand the truth of life. As parents, we should encourage them instead of complaining about their failure. No matter what happens, we should look at it with optimism, as the saying goes. As long as you and your children are in good health, this is already a great wealth. Finally, there is the distribution of property. "Only those who live in humble circumstances have the best chance to see the truth of society in all its forms." "Humble" here can be understood to mean that when we are in a weak position or do not have much earning power, we are better able to see the reality of people and social conditions around us. As the saying goes, "The rich have distant relatives in the mountains, but the poor have no one to ask in the busy city." Therefore, when people are old, even if the children are dutiful, do not easily disclose the distribution of property. After all, many elderly people need to be taken care of by their children in their later years, and if the distribution of property is disclosed too early, the children may feel that it is unfair, resulting in estrangement, affecting their relationship with each other and not conducive to their later life.

Search for the root causes of nuclear disasters in six landmark nuclear accidents in history

Recently, Chang 'an Street Reading Club and Guangdong People's Publishing House jointly held the "Exploring the Future of Nuclear Energy in the Fukushima Crisis - Atom and Ashes" new book sharing meeting. Professor Zhou Tao, Vice Chairman of the China Nuclear Industry Education Society, Director of the Department of Nuclear Science and Technology of Southeast University, doctoral supervisor, full-time director of China General Nuclear Power Group, adjunct professor of Southern University of Science and Technology and Xiamen University, Professor Yin Xiong, researcher level senior engineer and Doctor, led the book. Two experts in the field of nuclear energy research and nuclear energy industry, through video link, from both academic and industrial aspects, on whether nuclear power plants are safe, why nuclear leakage accidents occur, what impact on our lives, China's nuclear technology development and other issues of common concern to the public, bring authoritative and detailed interpretation. Professor Yin Xiong believes that it is necessary to define the concept first, conventional nuclear power plants discharge nuclear wastewater, is treated and harmless to the environment, and the nuclear sewage discharged by Japan contains a large number of radioactive substances, which will cause great harm to the environment. The two concepts should not be confused, let alone questioned about the safety of nuclear power plants. He believes that the Japanese government has violated the three basic ethics of responsibility, technology and fraternity in this incident, which has had a psychological impact on the people of the Pacific coast region and caused great harm to the global environment and Marine life. The Chinese government is a responsible government. On the one hand, it will continue to exert pressure on the Japanese government, including politically, economically and diplomatically, to urge the Japanese government to comply with the call of the people of the world and stop the discharge of the remaining nuclear sewage. On the other hand, the relevant functional departments and enterprises of the Chinese government will strictly test the water quality, Marine life and seafood in the relevant waters, especially the Marine food that may be placed on the tables of the Chinese people, and will take corresponding measures even if there is a small problem. At the same time, he reminded the general public that buying iodized salt will not help prevent nuclear contamination and damage. Medical iodine tablets in nuclear power plants will only be used in the event of major radioactive material leakage accidents, and there is no need for ordinary people to take them. Regarding the safety of nuclear power plants, Professor Zhou Tao believes that the reason why nuclear power plant accidents are concerned by the public is related to the low risk rate and high risk characteristics of nuclear power itself. In fact, for more than 400 reactors in operation in the world, major nuclear accidents have only been in the single digit for decades, and the probability is not high, and the fatality rate of nuclear accidents is far less than traffic accidents. Or the energy industry other than nuclear power. However, the safety of nuclear power technology itself is sufficiently guaranteed, he took the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in the United States as an example, and the research results after many years showed that the cancer prevalence of local people did not increase after the smoking factor, which can be seen that its safety. The pressurized water reactor used in the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant is completely consistent with the technical route adopted by China. Most of China's current reactors are pressurized water reactors, which are designed with containment vessels and are safe enough to ensure safety. Nuclear safety is an important part of national security and people's security. As a person in the nuclear energy industry, it is still a long way to go to popularize the development of nuclear energy to the public. With public support and people's understanding, nuclear power can move forward better, faster and healthier. Nuclear power governance, nuclear safety governance, is an important part of the modernization, to ensure that nuclear power is foolproof, to eliminate the public because of the nuclear power technology is not familiar with the doubts, and then increase social support for nuclear power recognition, to create a good atmosphere for nuclear power. In the double background of energy crisis and environmental crisis, nuclear energy is a very good alternative energy, but the danger of nuclear radiation is self-evident, as Professor Proloki, the author of the book "Atom and Ashes", said: "When it is safe, nuclear energy is the cleanmost energy in the world; In the event of an accident, nuclear power is the dirtiest energy source in the world." So how do we deal with this contradiction when it comes to developing nuclear energy? How to develop nuclear power more safely? Professor Yin pointed out that nuclear power is comparable to other forms of new energy, including solar and wind, in terms of environmental benefits. As the known energy source with the highest energy density, it is also a low-carbon energy source, which is irreplaceable in strategy. The technology maturity of nuclear power, economy and general safety have been verified in the history of nuclear power development, large-scale use of atomic energy technology is completely feasible. Although nuclear radiation is a threat, mankind has mastered the basic methods to avoid this threat. Professor Zhou then introduced that China has made great progress in the research and development, application and autonomy of new reactors: reactor technology is gradually realizing the leap from the second generation to the third generation, research on nuclear fusion is also increasing, and private capital has also appeared in the nuclear energy field, and the entire industry is full of vitality. The two experts finally discussed the six nuclear accidents described in the book "Atoms and Ashes", and agreed that although several major nuclear accidents in human history have environmental factors, the most critical factor is the human factor, which is not mature technology, management defects, government supervision is lacking, and the safety awareness of practitioners is indifferent. In the context of the general environment, there are also reckless and reckless behaviors that ignore safety facilities and safety management for performance, and these problems are generally due to the lack of nuclear safety culture. Fortunately, these devastating nuclear accidents have also encouraged us to think about and improve nuclear safety measures, improve safety standards and enhance safety awareness, and there is every possibility that the nuclear industry can prevent problems before they occur.

The long volume of poems of Ryukyu enthronement missions in Kangxi was exhibited in Fuqing, Fujian Province

Poetry volume overall majestic atmosphere, strong writing. The poem volume author Huang Ziyun, character Shilong, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Huang Shilong went to Ryukyu in his prime, and retreated to the mountains after his return. Huang Ye Hong Sixty Rhyms, the fourth part of the book "Bubaobu Manuscript" written by Han Qi, describes the influence of Huang Shilong's poems in Ryukyu. The land of Ryukyu is now Okinawa. In the early Ming Dynasty, Ryukyu established suzerain-vassal relations with China, which lasted for nearly 500 years. All the new Kings of Ryukyu had to ask the Chinese emperor for a title when they ascended the throne. The long scroll describes the scenes of ceremonies and banquets held by Qing envoys during the conferring of Ryukyu. In the volume, there is a sentence of "Zhongshan Earth plaque given by this dynasty", which refers to the plaque hanging high in the main hall of the Shuli city of the Ryukyu Kingdom, with four characters of "Zhongshan Earth" in the imperial pen of the Emperor Kangxi, given to the Shangzhen King of Ryukyu in the 21st year of Kangxi (1682), which shows the close relationship between Ryukyu and China at that time. Xu Baoguang, the imperial envoy of the Qing Dynasty, wrote an article titled "You Shan Nan Ji", which mentioned Huang Shilong's trip to Ryukyu, which was included in the Annals of Ryukyu by Zhou Huang, who was also the Imperial envoy. The article records: "South of the Naha River, all the time Shannan King also." … On November 21, 1911, Kai Zijin doctor CAI Wen, general minister Hong Shixian, visitors Weng Changzuo, Huang Shilong, Wu Fen, brother Zeng Guang, etc., rode over a hundred people to cross the river and cut off the mountains to the south." A "guest" is a member of the entourage in the conferring mission. According to scholars such as Professor Fang Baochuan and Associate Professor Fang Yao of Fujian Normal University Regional Research Center, in addition to the principal, deputy and functional officers, the delegation to Ryukyu in the Qing Dynasty could also accompany visitors. After the imperial decree was read out at the ceremony, the enthroner also presented various items to the new king of Ryukyu on behalf of the Chinese emperor to show his tenderness and compassion. On the other hand, the Ryukyu State held a banquet for the envoys in the "Heavenly Embassy" where they stayed, and set up a "banquet director in charge of seven banquets; Palm animal, palm sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks sent; Supply house, in charge of wine, rice, side dishes delivered." Huang Shilong, as one of the guests of Xu Baoguang's mission, witnessed the ceremony and recited a poem. The writer of this long volume was a famous calligrapher in Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, during the reign of Kangxi. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the members of the enthronement missions included scholars, monks, taoists, doctors, experts in astronomy and meteorology, painters and calligrapher, piano players and other talents. Compared with the official and deputy ambassadors, they had more time to socialize with people from all sectors of Ryukyu society and spread Chinese poetry, calligraphy, rites, and music widely in Ryukyu, which greatly stimulated the enthusiasm of the scholars and people of Ryukyu for traditional Chinese culture and promoted the civilization and progress of Ryukyu society. Although the reputation of the visitors is not prominent, but played an important role in the cultural exchanges between China and Euclidean.

Is Analects really so great?

Many people have heard of the book The Analects of Confucius. So, what kind of book is the Analects of Confucius? Simply put, the Analects of Confucius is a dialogue between the great sage Confucius and his disciples, which is the chat record of the sage. Of course, the saints talk, not parents, not star gossip, they talk about learning, talk about ideals, talk about self-improvement, talk about governance, talk about all the topics that gentlemen care about. It can be said that most of the essence of Confucius' thought and doctrine are concentrated in this book. Thoughtful students may find that the "theory" of the Analects is clearly the "theory" of discussion, but why not read the second sound and read the fourth sound? This should start from the origin of the book of the Analects. Although the Analects of Confucius mainly records the words of Confucius, it was not written by Confucius himself. According to the explanation of "Han Shu Yi Wen Zhi", the Analects of Confucius was edited by his disciples and his disciples after his death, and the so-called "Analects" means "the compilation of words", which is the "sayings of saints" edited by Confucius's disciples and grandchildren. Now the prevailing "Analects of Confucius" a total of 20, more than 11,000 words, each take the first two or three words as the title, that is, everyone sees "learning and" "for politics" "Gongyechang" and so on. Confucius is known as the "sage of the time", is the "master" among the saints, so he is also respected as "the most sage teacher", which is the reason why the main hall in the Confucius Temple is entitled "Hall of Great success". Confucius is the only one who can get the title of "Dacheng" in Chinese history. The Analects of Confucius, as a classical book recording the words of sages, has been valued since the Song Dynasty and is a compulsory subject in the ancient imperial examinations. The examiner often draws a sentence or a few words from it as the topic of the proposition essay. The ancients have a saying that "half the Analects rule the world". It is said that Zhao Pu, the prime minister of the Song Dynasty, was proud of his life, and as a successful person, he admitted when sharing his successful experience that he did not read other books, and all knowledge came from the Analects of Confucius. During the war, he used "half the Analects to rule the world"; In peacetime, he also used "half the Analects to govern peace". "Analects of Confucius" function is not big, look at the prime minister Zhao as the Song dynasty CEO, marry Bai Fumei, to the peak of life example is enough. However, if you have normal intelligence and the spirit of independent thinking, after reading through the Analects of Confucius, you will have doubts: can Confucius and his disciples really govern the country well with these fragments of words? Du Fu has a poem, "children's learning ends in the Analects of Confucius", which means that the Analects is a textbook for children's enlightenment. The truth always catches you off guard. What most people think of as the Confucian "Bible" turns out to be only entry-level reading. Of course, the primer does not mean that the Analects is not important. In fact, the Analects is concise and comprehensive, profound philosophy, many sentences have become deeply popular aphorisms, such as "do not do to others what you do not want to do", "think twice before you act", "haste makes waste" and so on. A close reading of the Analects of Confucius, although it can not "rule the world", has a good guiding effect on our understanding of traditional culture, especially on self-cultivation, learning and life.

Interaction effect analysis in multiple logistic regression

Research content:Data on hand-washing patterns in four different stages of COVID-19 were collected, and multiple logistic regression was used to study the effects of gender and stage of COVID-19 on hand-washing patterns.Dependent variable: hand washing methodIndependent variable 1: Gender identity;Independent variable 2: Outbreak, Vaccines, Variants and Post have been set as dummy variables, with Outbreak as the reference. The main research question was the effect of gender on hand washing patterns, and that's done. Question: Further analysis of the interaction effects of gender and the stage of epidemic development on hand-washing patterns (i.e., whether hand-washing patterns between men and women at different stages constitute significant differences). Is it possible to use multiple logistic regression for interaction effect analysis? If so, how to select factors (including dummy variables) for interaction effect analysis operations? The forced fusion of medium and being is a technological ideal that is difficult to explain. But in addition, behind this ideal, there is also a social ideal, that is, media extendivism wants to maximize individual freedom through the meta-universe. The logical basis of this maximization is that since the meta-cosmic level of media is everywhere, then everyone is in the "private" "definition" and use of the media, they can freely enter the virtual space, freely choose relations and identities; Moreover, because of the fusion of the virtual and the real, the virtual freedom acquires the real meaning. However, in the "freedom" brought about by the infinite extension of media, the definer of media seems not so simple. Of course, since everything is a medium, all people involved in relationships are definers in this sense. However, even the media extensionists cannot refute the fact that meta-cosmic media necessarily rely on vast algorithms and their material carriers (i.e., the platforms, facilities and protocols mentioned above), and thus cannot be separated from institutional entities, producers and managers, as well as the administrators and legislators who govern at the highest level of the community and represent the community as a whole. These people's definitions have real authority; The users define only the information and scene content, and they themselves are only the definition objects of the media authority. Thus, since not everyone is a definer, there is no possibility that users and mediators can define together. In addition, the definition of managers and managers is not entirely transparent to users, or even necessary; Users are often passive, just as we are suddenly forced to face the "meta-universe" propagated by some institution. However, in the ideal of infinite media extension and infinite human freedom, institutions, institutions, societies, and realities seem to perish in the future vision; The individual is the new intermediary "alien," and society is subject to the new relationships of these individuals. If the boundary between the virtual and the real, between the individual and society (represented by those in power), is smoothed out in such a vision, and some kind of universal world is constructed, then a new boundary of reason seems to emerge. The underlying "meta-problem" with three links is: how to imagine a world that is both "virtual" and "real" at time t, whose essence is defined by both "private" and "public", which is both "free" and "not free"?

I've been having a lot on my mind lately

A few days ago, I had a strange dream, dreaming of participating in an activity, I saw the beginning of the activity far away, and then ran in that direction, and the result was suddenly seized by someone hard to the leg, can not walk. So he asked the guy, and the guy said, "Why did you run?" I answered the activity began, want to participate in the run ah! The man said he didn't see it! I said, don't you see you should be fixing your own eyes, not grabbing someone else's legs!Then, after a day to deal with things outside, was rogue cut in line, loudly questioned, rogue is ignored, a dead pig is not afraid of boiling water hot look, their own low quality country scold, also no effect!The next day, the greedy neighbor violated the interests, a big quarrel!And then deal with the lazy property, in order to repair a little cement, continue to negotiate, the property is still the same, the old tone: manpower shortage, have to queue, if you are in a hurry, you have to do it yourself, and so on… Really speechless, also do not want to wait, went to the next decoration of a family asked, all at once to solve, half a bucket of cement, and mud board, mud board, do it yourself, half an hour all done. Of course, also to the decoration of the master thanks!I wonder if any of this has anything to do with that weird dream?A good man is bullied, a good horse is ridden.Sometimes, can not blindly kind ah!Against the wicked, rogue, more complex, greedy, more able to protect their own interests ah!

It's raining. I choose to go

During the day, the sun roasted the city like a little sheep, and in the evening, heaven and earth could not bear it, and there was an unexpected rain. Today did not take an umbrella, first went to the canteen to play scattered rice. There are people everywhere to take shelter from the rain, I chose to go, the wind is worse than the rain, the pedestrian's umbrella is blown over. I'm kind of glad I still have a leaky hat, because of thunderstorms, sometimes heavy, sometimes light. After the rain stopped, I was brushing a small video was interrupted by a phone call from an old classmate, she blamed me for not going out to exercise, lying to fatten up. Had to pick up and go out casually, the outside is cool, if not out, how to know the summer after the rain in the evening so comfortable? Chatting with her all the way, I soon came to my Alma mater, from the side door of the family home all the way to the campus. Through the bridge to another campus, some parts of the campus have changed, the logo of the building is still the same. The library in the sunset light shines brightly against the background of the departing clouds, and the benches by the pool in the campus are replaced with wide strips of wood, shining with their luster before the dark night. The small stone arch bridge on our dormitory college graduation time left a shadow, through the street lamp can see the pool of lotus clusters, they did not bloom. Next to the new school history hall, the iconic red paint and imitation wooden flower carving to pull themselves to see a lot of costume dramas, especially the sad palace drama, afraid of coming out of a very deep resentment of the empress. The young people in the basketball court show their youth and vitality. When riding back, I thought of my pomegranate wine, sweet with sour, nice pink, if you do a Hanfu of this color will be very beautiful. But at the moment I choose to drink it, with a nice wine to write a little feeling. When on campus, there is a feeling of crossing, a kind of unspeakable uncomfortable, is it still a little strange time too fast? Think of the folk song in "Red Xiangxi", and the sad love story. People are the most courageous when they are young, they dare to pursue what they want regardless of everything, perhaps in the eyes of the elderly is reckless, silly, and in a person's life, it is the most meaningful impulse.

As a child, the sound of firecrackers can drive away the bad luck of the year

In my memory, there is no bad radish, stewed vegetables, and I feel that there is no taste of the New Year. There is no long several hanging whip, ear-shaking double cannon, and I feel that there is no New Year's weather, my father often said, "the sound of guns can drive away the bad luck of the year." On New Year's Eve that year, my mother prepared lunch: stewed vegetables and stir-fried radishes. Radish is bad, boiled meat soup, pour water fried radish slices, soak for a few days, radish will enter the meat flavor, which is what I said "New Year"; Stewed vegetables, cooked pork belly, cut into millimeter thick slices, hot pan fried rich fat, and cabbage, vermicelli stewed together, with boiled pork belly, cabbage and vermicelli are also into the "New Year flavor". It was a must-have for Chinese New Year when I was a kid. Mother cut the meat and said that father was not back. After days of heavy snow, the gray and black village was wrapped in a thick quilt, and the road leading from the village could only be discerned by the footprints and ruts of sparse Lala. Father went to the town early in the morning, and the town was not far away, let alone by bike. The mother wanted to go out to see, but suddenly, hearing the clanging bolt, she put down her knife and meat, went from the kitchen to the living room, pushed open the cotton curtain hanging in front of the house, and then a stream of hot air rushed out of the door, only to be forced back by the cold inside the courtyard, and the white fog formed during the struggle spread everywhere. It was my father who came back and saw him push the car to open the gate, the entrance was not far, and parked the car near the wall on the inside of the gate, and the big red bag hanging on the handlebars swayed back and forth. Mother hurriedly let go of the curtain, stepped through the "squeaky" snow in the yard, and came forward to untie the big red bag that shook. (If you like it, you can follow wechat public account shanhelulu.) It turned out that my father had gone to the market town to buy fish, and remembered on the way back that he had forgotten to pay, so he hurried back again, and there was a delay in the round trip. While speaking, my father had entered the room with my mother, and I secretly laughed at my father's immorality in my heart. The living room, directly opposite the door, attached to the back wall is a yellow face and black edge of the paint table, with a long time, the color has become dim. In the middle of the table is placed a gray black double hook ear incense burner, after the incense burner a purple paper pasted on the back wall, writing the name of recent generations of ancestors, line by line is the blood handed down from generation to generation. After lunch, the sky gradually dark down, mother began to make dumplings, father will prepare incense. Night hung down, hot dumplings out of the pot, according to the rules, the first bowl to worship ancestors, I took the bowl of chopsticks put behind the incense burner. Father cleaned up the old ashes in the furnace, lit incense, and inserted them in turn. My father used to say, "Incense is a messenger to the other world, a reminder of our ancestors." On the floor of the table, my father lit a paper fire, and the flashing fire jumped up enthusiastically, a warm rush to my chest, I looked at the smoke slowly rising, gradually, my mind emerged when my grandfather took me to the south of the village to play. It's time for the cannon. The father went to the middle of the courtyard, holding the cannon in his left hand and lighting the shinanzi with his right hand. Hearing the sound of "Bessie", I took a few steps to hide under the eaves. Looking at his father from a distance straightened his left arm, and in a flash, the cannon flew out of his father's hand, and with a bang, the flash of fire in the air illuminated the whole courtyard, and also illuminated his father. Father was of medium height, but so tall in the firelight. The night was already deep, and the family sat around the charcoal fire in the kitchen, listening to grandma tell them about their eventful years. The snow in the yard set off the light from the Windows and glistened on the huge bug tree in front of the house.

To a confused young friend

Writing this article is a bit of a cliche, but I think it should be written. The reason is that a small fellow of mine, I went to college that year, he was born, the generation is also younger than me, today wechat chat with me a few words, said that I want to talk with me all night long, very earnest, has been looking at me as a role model, which makes me very ashamed, but as his elder, I also want to talk with him. He said he was confused and had no direction and didn't know what to do. I talked with him for a few words, and later told him that I would write an article, not only him, but also my children: nephews, nephews, sons and children of relatives and friends can see that it is not good to walk during the epidemic, and if you can listen to it, you may be able to take less detours, if you can do so, it is best. I talked to him about the solidification of class and the inheritance of genes, which is also reasonable. The environment of growth is different, people have family design growth routes and life planning. As a child from the countryside, there is no planning, but there are still some feelings. The rural origin is a kind of wealth for me, and I have a strong ability to fight against the fight when I grow up, but it may also be a hindering to some extent - the innate lack of vision and height. Because of my rural background, I cultivated a simple character, but I was also very late in my education. At that time, the only thing I did when I went to school was to fight hogweed and play with a group of children. I spent a carefree childhood, without desire or desire, without worry or fear, without fear or constraint. The family does not expect you to be able to test out, my childhood ideal is to be a worker, because the parents' vision and the surrounding environment is so, when a worker is very fascinating! Cousin was admitted to the secondary school, became the glory of the village, relatives and friends one by one please eat, because this account will be transferred out. I often say that I can read a doctor, completely by mistake, never thought about it, never tree ambition, as a model to encourage later learning is very far-fetched, because there is no concept, no one at home to guide, but no one will give you a plan for life, the highest education is my old lady, junior high school graduation, she saw me at that time to read a doctor is very difficult, while working at school, Also told me that we can't do it, don't read crazy, she was afraid that I could not bear the pressure crazy. Now many farmers go to work in the city, even buy a house in the city, marry a wife and children, but the circle of life is still these people, contact with these farmers, the hoe was originally placed in the yard, now it is carried to the upstairs, the vision and realm is difficult to have a big improvement, affect the next generation, it is difficult to have a big breakthrough, because I am also a farmer, so it may also be on the cap. But there's nothing wrong with what I said. One of my old leaders, in his early thirties to the department level, once told me that the height of people's thinking is not enough experience and experience is difficult to have a big promotion, by reading thinking is not useless, but will not be of great use, I think it is very reasonable. When I was in college, children from the countryside wanted to go to the city after graduation, children from the city wanted to go to the big city after graduation, children from the big city wanted to go to the provincial capital, children from the provincial capital wanted to go to Beijing, and children from Beijing wanted to go abroad. Another example is dreaming, you never dream of things you have not seen, the ideal is the same, jump to reach more realistic. Having said all this, what I want to express is the importance of enlightenment. I graduated from college into the factory, and then laid off, and then a series of postgraduate entrance examination, employment, resignation, doctoral examination, employment, resignation, employment, temporary post, resignation, employment, enterprises have done, career has done, private enterprises have done, central enterprises have done, every step is almost not premeditated, basically because of helplessness by the progress of the majority. Imagine, I graduated from the undergraduate into the factory did not lay off, the unit barely maintained 20 years did not close down, up to now the probability that I may be just a laid-off worker! Running around for a living! Because of these experiences, there may also be more communication with the younger generation, how to take detours. What I say is not necessarily true, it varies from person to person, from time to time, from event to event, from place to place. First of all, it's hard to be lonely. School is a hard job, the first time I entered the university campus, full of excitement, after a period of time full of anger, several times in and out, and now back to the university campus, full of envy, mentality has changed. Young people, take this time to read as much as possible, miscellaneous books, professional books can be, as long as you want to read, but don't play games. When I was a child, there was no book to read at home, the university had a book and time did not cherish, read a lot of miscellaneous books: Chinese medicine, painting, Go to see a lot, later also useful, we did not have a computer network mobile phone, TV every Friday and six nights to open, usually do not have to see, now looking back on it is just good, our generation is very solid basic skills, because you in addition to reading is not too good place, even we did not get a diploma, now are technical authorities, That's the foundation, plus the hard work after graduation. Now science and technology is developed, especially the application of computers, which is also not good, the good is very efficient, commercial software calculation is very convenient, you do not need to understand the meaning of the equations can also calculate the number! The bad thing is that the concept is generally not clear, the sci article written a bunch of formulas, they do not understand, it is just a form, because the real calculation is handed over to commercial software! At that time, we had to program our own calculations, test several levels of partial differential equations, and answer the physical meaning of each item, and now it is difficult for young people to answer it, and what I want to say is the importance of basic skills, and the basis for analogy is this. Reading to go to school as far as possible on the head, read a doctor, postdoctoral, don't ask me why, as long as I believe that I will not harm you on it, because I go to school off and on, eat very thanks. In the system, to develop, age is also a barrier, this is not to say more, you really can survive the future will be grateful to me. What is the purpose of reading? I don't know! Everyone is different, but I want to at least learn to distinguish ability, analytical ability, which requires a professional but also to learn logic, whether it is liberal arts or science, to understand logic, do not understand logic is unclear, easy to believe, as for technical skills are relatively studious, college graduation time is in the early 1980s, when there are warlocks said can change water into oil, I said nonsense, Hydrogen and oxygen are burned to produce water, the hydroelectricity process hydrogen and oxygen, it takes a huge amount of energy to open the hydrogen and oxygen bond, water can burn, produce what? Where does the energy to break the hydrogen - oxygen bond come from? This is the basic logic, reasonable is reasonable, reasonable is legal, most of them. To set up long-term and near-term goals, this is not imaginary, only come to realize that you will be in the future. For example, if you choose the North Star at night, you will not lose your way, if you want to choose a very close light, walk may be confused, but you can not always overreach, recent goals must also have - find yourself, casually, as long as it can help you, such as writing an article, watching a movie with friends, you can, because the recent goals continue to produce a sense of accomplishment, which is also needed. This society is cruel! This is what you must realize, you only have the value of being used, you will be valuable, that is, you have to be useful! No one will pity you, no one will actively consider your interests! Unless you're valuable. Don't always think about the leader, one stage you are the leader of the person - because this time he needs you; Another stage may not be - his needs change! The world's martial arts only fast not broken, the world's talent is only capable, in any unit do not be dispensable people, dispensable the final result is nothing! And, very important, how to deal with the tasks sent by the leader at work! A task, which no one has done before, is given to you, and you will choose between two emotions, for sure! The first is resentment, who will not do, let me do, leadership is really not something, see my black eyes, so you will certainly do well, and will not grow. The other is to seize the opportunity, who will not do, the leader gave me, is an opportunity, it is equivalent to the unit to open your salary to let you learn things, do well, you master the technology that others will not, you won the opportunity, even if you did not do well, you also learn things, salary bonus did not affect - mentality is very important! Write here is already midnight, scattered, later think of in finishing it, hope to be useful to young people, do not want to rely on the old - because I have not been old, just like encouraging you to study hard, I am like this!

The status and function of Chinese local Chronicles in historical records

On the origin of China's historical records, we should be the most ancient books and spring and Autumn. Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801) said that the six classics are all history, that the ancients did not have a hard time to understand, and the six classics were all the rules of the previous king. Gong Zizhen (1792-1841) believed that the Six Classics were the grandsons of Zhou history. The I Ching is the history of divination, the Shujing is the history of recording speech, and the Spring and Autumn Annals is the history of recording events. The national style is the historian from the folk poetry and to pay the music, the elegant song is the historian from the scholar-official, the ritual is the law of the generation, all belong to the historian. In this way, it is related to history. Later, the works of the convention, general convention, and general examination of various special legal documents were also included in historical records, which adequately shows that when we want to study the comprehensive culture of society, we will naturally expand the scope of collection of historical materials. Otherwise, they can only be confined to the small circle of political history. In any case, according to the increasingly sophisticated view of today's book classification, Shang Shu and Spring and Autumn annals should always be precious historical records in ancient times. Since Sima Qian wrote historical records and Ban Gu and his son wrote Hanshu in the Han Dynasty, there has been a distinction between classics and history in the concept of ordinary people. During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, and the early Tang Dynasties, the private practice of history was flourishing, and there were more and more poems and essays, and more and more books collected. Originally according to the content of the book classification as seven slightly, to the Jin Dynasty and there are four divisions. The book of war, techniques, techniques into the sub-section, poetry and Fu into the collection, into the classics, history, Zi, collection four. The meaning of this classification seems to be that the book is the great origin of the nation, the history is the sign of social and cultural development, the son is the reason of individual exploration, and the set is the emotional expression of the spirit of individual freedom. The history of classics is high in the world, and the Oriental culture is somehow cast into the characteristics of academic spirit that pay attention to the general and comprehensive, only seek to accommodate each other, despise the abstract division and opposition, and skills are not respected in academia, so the scholars and scholars intertwine the history of classics, and even the history of literature can not be separated. Until the Qing Dynasty Qianlong opened the museum to reorganize the four libraries, the classification is still the same, the history Department listed 15 categories of subheadings, and only 150 kinds of local records. Although there are many historical records, later generations can not be organized into a complete and systematic Chinese general history and cultural history. In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Qu Pingzhi sighed in the preface to the draft of the local annals: "There is a reason why our people cannot understand our national nature, and there is no real historical reason." History does not know the trace of all social activity, and focuses only on the outstanding deeds of one or two persons, just as I know today that the thoughts and actions of those who circle around me are much the same, and that those who are a little further away from me are glued to hundreds of years ago and have changed little." Yu Shaosong also said in Preface 3 of the draft of the Local Annals: "In the field of national history today, there is no special department, and the genre of works should also be slightly changed. It is necessary to use the example of the general aspiration, covering the local social situation, and not focusing on the central politics, which is reasonable, of course, and also when the situation is inevitable, if it depends on the local aspiration. In recent times, although politics has changed repeatedly, we have not been able to harmonized with human rights. National affairs 臲卼 are the reason for this." From this point of view, the accumulation of historical materials in our country is indeed a lot, but it is a pity that the study of history needs to be reviewed again! Since Tang and Song dynasties, the compilation of historical records has evolved a lot, and the evolution of official cultivation has been the royal records in the form of Chronicles, the official history in the form of Chronicles, the Canon of etiquette, and the local records with emphasis on geography. There are also the formal history of the chronicle, the history of the other, the chronicle of the end of the matter as the main line, the general examination of the annals, the special history of the Canon, the genre and the content have improved. History also gave birth to two outstanding figures. One is Liu Zhiji (661-721) in the Tang Dynasty, he took the historical books made by the family, elucidates the examples, discusses the benefits of the disease, and has survived the history of the book, unique commentary. The other was Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801), who had compiled records for Hezhou, Yongqing and Bozhou, and had worked as an aide to Bi Yuan, compiling the general records of Hubei. He was the first person to attach importance to local aspirations, experience the matter personally, and put forward specific suggestions. Both men are worthy historians. Since human beings have the concept of time, they no longer cut the chains of the past, present and future, which is the root of historical interest. With the concept of space, and thirst for geographical knowledge. The evolution of life has made the system of cultural relics increasingly complex. The discussion of history extends from geometric straight lines to horizontal stretches. China's land is large, the population is large, the mountain climate is different, the transportation in the past is far less convenient than in the recent days, and it is easier to form local characteristics. It is obvious that a national history compiled by only a few people cannot cover the whole social phenomenon in various places. With the development of The Times, local Chronicles were initiated in the Ming Dynasty and flourished in the Qing Dynasty, and have now become the important corner of historical records. This is why we want to introduce local records. Since the compilation of local records was advocated in the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty was prosperous. Under the cover of Chinese studies, the author first pays attention to the history of classics, and then adds the afterglow of the history of literature, and the local records collected in the library in the early years have a specific level. In fact, with the encouragement of the Government's general orders, all the historical materials collected by local masters are trustworthy and are not limited to the official collections. According to Zhu Shijia's statistics, there were 4,655 kinds of local Chronicles compiled in the Qing Dynasty, 1,286 in the Kangxi period and 1,024 in the Qianlong period. Zhili has the largest number of 403 species, while Sichuan, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi and Zhejiang each have more than 300 species. In 1930, he counted 4,912 local Chronicles in China. In 1935, the total number of species was 5,832, 93,237 volumes, 730 species were identified in 1938, and 700 more were identified in 1958. This brings the total to 7,262 species. Compared with the official history, the volumes are so numerous that no one can really read them all with the energy of his life. But we needn't have done that. As long as you know that this is a historically unexplored mountain forest, there are many treasures to be discovered. Now, according to Gu Jiegang's preface to the Chinese Local Chronicles, the main points of the general local Chronicles are as follows: Geography - evolution, territory, area, division; Politics - establishment, staffing, troop preparation, memorabilia; Economy - household registration, land taxes, goods, tariffs; Society - customs, dialects, temples, auspicious differences; Literature - people, art, stone, historical sites; It is clear that the annals are extensive in content and that the materials they draw from archives, letters and stone tablets are very credible. It is only true to say that "to correct history, the correct history shows its inadequacy". This means that local Chronicles have also become an important part of historical records in terms of quantity and content. In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Qu published an examination of the local Chronicles, including both the Chronicles of Jiangsu, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, listing the dates of compilation, the names of the authors, the history of the old Chronicles, and the number of volumes, as well as distinguishing styles and commenting on the achievements and losses, paying special attention to the special history, which was a document to guide the study of the local Chronicles. In addition, in the 20th year of the Republic of China, the local Chronicles collected by the Imperial Palace were catalogued and published, and in the 22nd year, after the merger of the Peking Library and Beihai Library, more than 3,800 local Chronicles were collected and catalogued. In 23 years, Zhu Shijia compiled a comprehensive catalogue of local Chronicles, listing more than 5,000 kinds. Zhu Shijia saw only three thousand kinds in Peiping, and later visited the provincial catalogs of Hanfenlou in Shanghai, the Xujiahui Catholic Church Collection, Jinling University, Nanyang Middle School, Sun Yat-sen University, and knew that Wang Shoushan had more than one th […]

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