上海阿拉后花园干磨

Search for the root causes of nuclear disasters in six landmark nuclear accidents in history

Recently, Chang 'an Street Reading Club and Guangdong People's Publishing House jointly held the "Exploring the Future of Nuclear Energy in the Fukushima Crisis - Atom and Ashes" new book sharing meeting. Professor Zhou Tao, Vice Chairman of the China Nuclear Industry Education Society, Director of the Department of Nuclear Science and Technology of Southeast University, doctoral supervisor, full-time director of China General Nuclear Power Group, adjunct professor of Southern University of Science and Technology and Xiamen University, Professor Yin Xiong, researcher level senior engineer and Doctor, led the book. Two experts in the field of nuclear energy research and nuclear energy industry, through video link, from both academic and industrial aspects, on whether nuclear power plants are safe, why nuclear leakage accidents occur, what impact on our lives, China's nuclear technology development and other issues of common concern to the public, bring authoritative and detailed interpretation. Professor Yin Xiong believes that it is necessary to define the concept first, conventional nuclear power plants discharge nuclear wastewater, is treated and harmless to the environment, and the nuclear sewage discharged by Japan contains a large number of radioactive substances, which will cause great harm to the environment. The two concepts should not be confused, let alone questioned about the safety of nuclear power plants. He believes that the Japanese government has violated the three basic ethics of responsibility, technology and fraternity in this incident, which has had a psychological impact on the people of the Pacific coast region and caused great harm to the global environment and Marine life. The Chinese government is a responsible government. On the one hand, it will continue to exert pressure on the Japanese government, including politically, economically and diplomatically, to urge the Japanese government to comply with the call of the people of the world and stop the discharge of the remaining nuclear sewage. On the other hand, the relevant functional departments and enterprises of the Chinese government will strictly test the water quality, Marine life and seafood in the relevant waters, especially the Marine food that may be placed on the tables of the Chinese people, and will take corresponding measures even if there is a small problem. At the same time, he reminded the general public that buying iodized salt will not help prevent nuclear contamination and damage. Medical iodine tablets in nuclear power plants will only be used in the event of major radioactive material leakage accidents, and there is no need for ordinary people to take them. Regarding the safety of nuclear power plants, Professor Zhou Tao believes that the reason why nuclear power plant accidents are concerned by the public is related to the low risk rate and high risk characteristics of nuclear power itself. In fact, for more than 400 reactors in operation in the world, major nuclear accidents have only been in the single digit for decades, and the probability is not high, and the fatality rate of nuclear accidents is far less than traffic accidents. Or the energy industry other than nuclear power. However, the safety of nuclear power technology itself is sufficiently guaranteed, he took the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in the United States as an example, and the research results after many years showed that the cancer prevalence of local people did not increase after the smoking factor, which can be seen that its safety. The pressurized water reactor used in the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant is completely consistent with the technical route adopted by China. Most of China's current reactors are pressurized water reactors, which are designed with containment vessels and are safe enough to ensure safety. Nuclear safety is an important part of national security and people's security. As a person in the nuclear energy industry, it is still a long way to go to popularize the development of nuclear energy to the public. With public support and people's understanding, nuclear power can move forward better, faster and healthier. Nuclear power governance, nuclear safety governance, is an important part of the modernization, to ensure that nuclear power is foolproof, to eliminate the public because of the nuclear power technology is not familiar with the doubts, and then increase social support for nuclear power recognition, to create a good atmosphere for nuclear power. In the double background of energy crisis and environmental crisis, nuclear energy is a very good alternative energy, but the danger of nuclear radiation is self-evident, as Professor Proloki, the author of the book "Atom and Ashes", said: "When it is safe, nuclear energy is the cleanmost energy in the world; In the event of an accident, nuclear power is the dirtiest energy source in the world." So how do we deal with this contradiction when it comes to developing nuclear energy? How to develop nuclear power more safely? Professor Yin pointed out that nuclear power is comparable to other forms of new energy, including solar and wind, in terms of environmental benefits. As the known energy source with the highest energy density, it is also a low-carbon energy source, which is irreplaceable in strategy. The technology maturity of nuclear power, economy and general safety have been verified in the history of nuclear power development, large-scale use of atomic energy technology is completely feasible. Although nuclear radiation is a threat, mankind has mastered the basic methods to avoid this threat. Professor Zhou then introduced that China has made great progress in the research and development, application and autonomy of new reactors: reactor technology is gradually realizing the leap from the second generation to the third generation, research on nuclear fusion is also increasing, and private capital has also appeared in the nuclear energy field, and the entire industry is full of vitality. The two experts finally discussed the six nuclear accidents described in the book "Atoms and Ashes", and agreed that although several major nuclear accidents in human history have environmental factors, the most critical factor is the human factor, which is not mature technology, management defects, government supervision is lacking, and the safety awareness of practitioners is indifferent. In the context of the general environment, there are also reckless and reckless behaviors that ignore safety facilities and safety management for performance, and these problems are generally due to the lack of nuclear safety culture. Fortunately, these devastating nuclear accidents have also encouraged us to think about and improve nuclear safety measures, improve safety standards and enhance safety awareness, and there is every possibility that the nuclear industry can prevent problems before they occur.

A dream sealed in ruins

It has been more than a year since I moved my home from childhood to adulthood. The main reason why I want to write something for it now is that I dare not rely on my memory to carry all the people and things worth remembering for me. I do not know which day the relatively clear picture existing in my mind will be gradually blurred by the consultation of life trifles. My childhood is so precious and worth a lifetime to recall ah, but when this period of time has no carrier to cling to, I am not sure whether it can firmly exist in my mind, so I must find a place to seal this time that can never go back, if the clue to open the memory has been erased, then I can only remember the results when it is forever entrusted to big data. The village where I live is quite large, both in terms of population and area. It is not rich, at least in my entire primary school, most of the families are farming to support the family, I like this life, the whole childhood lived a simple and happy. My home is in the east side of the village, the east side of the house and the southwest side of the river, the river is sometimes no water, and when I was young, the most dislike is that the river is full of water, after lunch to go to school by the south side of the Hutong river, a lot of boys swimming in the river, the chance of meeting their classmates is almost 100%. I still remember that it was very difficult to walk that distance of less than 500 meters, when the river suddenly came out of the classmates to call you a nickname that was simply to make you ashamed. In order to avoid this embarrassment, I often go around a lot of wrong roads, looking forward to the weather becoming cold, looking forward to the river becoming dry, and looking forward to growing up quickly… I hope I hope I get what I want. The ditches without water became battlefields for my brother's generation, who dug out all kinds of strange holes and piled up all kinds of "hills". That's definitely our paradise. The east side of the river used to be a good piece of forest, every summer evening, we will take a flashlight, carry a bottle to find the insects called Jincicada, adults and children the whole family out, the flashlight in the forest, and now it is difficult to see the lively at that time. Before I went to junior high school, I often went to the forest to herd sheep after school, I have always been timid, others drove the sheep past, after a while, I directly rushed home, and every time I was trying to make these sheep together, must always be in my line of sight, for fear of being stolen, there is always a team of sheep I keep gathering and scattering. At that time, I was actually very young, so small that I was not a sheep's opponent, and I would be dragged along by a rope, and I could not tell who was walking who. At that time, I didn't think too much about it, I felt that it was my own thing, adults were busy enough, what they did was more tired, but I thought that what I could do was already very easy. There are many college students in my hutong, and the neighborhood is quite harmonious. Before going to school, after dinner, I would follow my neighbor's brothers and sisters and friends of the same age to play hide-and-seek, corn stalk chopping, wheat stalk chopping, which strict to drill, which black to hide, while drilling into the seam while afraid of something inside. There are many children in the two big uncle's family in front of my home, and there are rubber bands, glass balls, hacky bags, and shuttlecock in his home. At that time, we earned enough envy. And there was a smell in his kitchen that was like burning a certain kind of wood, which I really liked to smell, but I don't even know what it was. After primary school began the morning reading class, every day at about six o 'clock, the hutong began to hear early people Shouting with their own class to go to school, the door banged, I still remember my mother recalled that at that time, I felt that the whole hutong was hopeful. I grew up is definitely a good girl in the village, after school to cook, take younger brother, sheep this is not arranged. But occasionally forget to bring the key, but do not know where the parents go to do farm work is the most testing me, I once answered on a paper "please use the basis of… Judge… "Such a question, answer: I judged the direction of the wheel print at the door of my mother to do farm work in which field. The first time I looked at the big Red Cross on the paper was not sad, because it made me more firmly believe that everyone did not know this way, even the teacher did not know. But it worked so well that at one point it gave me the illusion that I had the talent to be a detective. My primary school is in the Middle East of the village, in fact, it is closer to my home than my classmates in the west of the village, but my legs were too short at that time, and I always felt that the school was far away from home. I envy my classmates who live near the school, envy them to sleep for a long time, and I can go home next class. But grandpa's home is next to the school, will go to grandpa's home to drink water after class, go to grandpa's home to eat steamed bread after school, long body that time is always hungry, hungry after school can not insist on going back to their own home. The earliest school has several table tennis tables, of course, for us that is more like a "stage", we sing their childhood and ignorance on the stage, in the stage to grab a place on the stage, from the stomach up to the tiptoe can sit on, change more than height ah. We can step on a flower bed in the grass can not grow out, can pull the flower bed on both sides of the Longjava tree naked, but also the door on the new glass "accidentally" smashed. The more you don't let the close place the more curious, lying on the window peeking at the office, eavesdropping on the teachers under the door, secretly going to the teacher's toilet, curious about everything that can't be approached, and even feel that the teacher's toilet is fragrant! In the summer, we "sell water" in the classroom, you give me a notebook paper or a lead in an automatic pen, I let you drink a drink of water, good relationship can drink two. Their complete homework is not needed, but the various colors and types of homework paper earned by "selling water" are stapled into a small, rare, which is probably the so-called sense of achievement. In winter, one of us squatted in a dustpan and let another classmate pull the ski. Yesterday was fighting, today can be hard enough to let you drink more water friendship. To say long love, it has to mention the school gate to sell snacks, first at the school gate, then there is a commissary, and then her commissary became a supermarket, when I was in she, I left she is still in. She was a very powerful proprietress, with a loud voice, more than enough to handle us terrible children. The village is now in ruins, and everything that once existed there seems to have never existed. I still do not dare to look at the house I have lived for more than 20 years after it was pushed to the appearance, there are some things we must admit, that is change, everything is in constant motion, when a thing has completely lost its original appearance, you are used to seeing and accepting its later appearance, then who will care about the past, and why care about the past. So I don't want to see it, I think at least these years it is still the same as before. After all, there is a brick, a tile, a grass and a tree have made up the first 20 years of my life, and I even feel very sorry that I can not get married from that house, and how can I accept its broken and messy now.

"Love you, like love life" after reading

As a reader, although it is difficult to experience Mr. Wang Xiaobo's sincere feelings, but as a bystander, I would like to talk about my feelings of Wang Xiaobo's "Love you like Love Life" book. This book may seem small at first glance, but it is much thought-provoking when re-examined. Mr. Wang Xiaobo, his writing is also like his person, sharp and deep, unique style, is indeed rare. Just like his book "Love You like Love Life", although the time is short and the length is limited, but it contains philosophy, narrative is fierce, are still a wonderful chapter of modern literature. The book can be divided into three sections of the examination, the first cut, like the light flashed from the fog, at first glance, it makes people slightly confused, and then think it is hidden wisdom, profound connotation, and extraordinary insight and life perception; Second cut, the text is like a mirror, reflecting the various faces of real life, although sharp, but undoubtedly true; At the end, the emotion burns like a spark burning in the night, illuminating the softest and most sincere glimmer of the heart. In the book, he tells the story of his struggle with life, as well as his deep attachment to love and his soul mate. In Wang's writing, love is the hard bone in life, the strength to straighten the spine when weak, and even the courage to look at the world coldly. He used words to describe a vast and deep emotional landscape, where deep, is the love of life, and the care of the heart of the lover.If you want to interpret this book from Mr. Qian Zhongshu's point of view, perhaps it is that life is a lifetime, plants and trees in the autumn, love is like water, flowing. "Love you like love life" is actually warning us that people's life is short and limited, and we should cherish the people in front of us, cherish the life in front of us, and enjoy the sufferings, joys and sorrows of the world. The love for Ms. Bao Haoran is the main line of Wang Xiaobo, and the rare honesty makes every word full of emotional power. Under the guidance of such emotions, Wang's philosophical views on life become more and more profound, such as love, career, life and other things, all reveal a deep, direct and fearless love for life. The Condor lovers are deeply in love, and the love of the Mandarin ducks is eternal. Life is short, why not drink dew, raise your glass to invite the moon, enjoy the beauty of life? Life is like a big dream that comes and goes in a hurry, and all we can do is enjoy it to the fullest and show our deepest love and gratitude to those who can share it with us. In this way, Wang Xiaobo's "Love you like love life", so let me flash the light of reflection.

How to enrich our life

To solve this problem, we must first ask what life is. The phenomenon of life can be observed in two ways. On objective biological Life is the relations of an organism with its environment. On the subjective psychological Life is the name given to the sum total of our external experience and our internal experience. The topic of my essay is to ask how to enrich our lives; In other words, it is to study how to create a rich life in a subjective position. My interpretation of the word "life", then, is that "life" equals "the totality of human experience."Life is experience, life is rich experience, this is my brief answer in this article. However, do not misunderstand that experience is a passive accommodation, you should know that experience is a positive act of creation, and then know that we have the ability to make life rich, rich experience… The possibility of… We can use subjective methods to make our lives as rich, beautiful, pleasant, and valuable as possible.How can we enrich our lives? I analyze the content of our life as "external experience", that is, observation, understanding, thinking and memory of nature and society; And "internal experience", that is, thought, emotion, will, action. If we want to enrich our lives, we must begin in these two ways: on the one hand, to increase our capacity for external experience and the objects of our observation and study; on the other hand, to expand the quality of our internal experience and to enrich the range of our thoughts and emotions.When we are attached to nothing, we go alone, or we walk into nature and watch the idle clouds and rivers, the weeds and cold flowers, or we run to the busy city to watch the social situation, and there are various people. At this time, it is easiest to see the degree of our own intellectual wisdom. Because, a person with rich ideas, when he sees this very ordinary and ordinary phenomenon, he can play his thoughts and touch his emotions, and he feels deeply interesting, flexible and mobile, and does not feel lonely at all. I remember the German poet Heine, who one day went to London, stood on a street corner for a moment, saw the myriad variations of the sounds of the city, and said: "I think it would be more valuable for a philosopher to come and stand here for a day than for him to explain all the ancient Greek philosophy books." He observed life and the world directly. His few words really mean that he is rich in thought, rich in life, endless ideas and feelings can occur everywhere, and there will never be a feeling of loneliness and boredom. Most ordinary people did not understand what he said, because they themselves assumed that if they had ten minutes of leisure, they would be bored and bored, and they did not know what to do, and if they had not slept for a long summer, they would have to find a companion to talk. It can be seen that our life is rich or not, all in how we deal with life, not in the loneliness of the environment is not lonely. For a lonely, monotonous environment, we must have a way to make it into a complex, rich object. What about this method? I will now speak to you of my own experience, and see what you think. When I am free, I wander freely into nature or society and choose at random an object to make the following observations: (1) artistic, (2) human, (3) social, (4) scientific, and (5) philosophical.Let me start with an example.I once went down the street at dusk and stood at a blacksmith's door. I saw a fire shining brightly in the dark straw shop, reflecting a blacksmith at work, and the red light shining on one side of his arm, body, and face was very vivid against the darkness beyond. The blacksmith raised his perfect and full arm, and struck the red iron in the most appropriate and harmonious gesture, and I looked at it and thought: Isn't this a fine Dutch painter's drawing? Filled with artistic thoughts, I stood and watched, unable to bear to go. In my heart, I gradually turned to the problem of life, thinking that the most sound and real happiness in life is a certain work. We get it to have a certain amount of work, and then we have to calm down, find sound fun from labor, and get the value of life from work. The real pillar of society, that is, this class of workers who do their best. The future evolution of society will depend on this class of really working social elements, not on the higher nomads of the higher order. When I think of this, I turn from the problem of life to the problem of society. Later, thinking of the competition for existence in biology, and thinking of Schopenhauer's outlook on life and the universe, I made many interesting observations about the fragments of social life in the twilight moments, and with a heart full of pleasure, I slowly walked home and pondered over this rich part of my life.These are the ways in which I present myself and report on how you enrich your life. You can use freely, you can make the smallest part of life, into three or four times the content, but not because of leisure and boredom, because of boredom and corruption, because of corruption and pain.But that's not what I call a seasoned approach. It's still a quiet, passive, artistic approach. It is nothing more than a multifaceted playful observation of one of our external experiences, an object of nature, a transformation of a monotonous, ordinary environment into a complex, rich object that expresses many aspects… Art, life, society, science, philosophy… The appearance of the environment. To use an analogy, we make our "mind" into a multifaceted mirror, reflecting on simple objects, into multifaceted shapes and colors. This can already enrich our lives a lot. But how can we enrich our "inner experience" too, so that our feelings and our will are not lonely? It's really simple. The expression of our emotional will is in the "behavior", as long as we actively and bravely act, throw ourselves into the waves of life, the trend of the world, a leaf boat, do not know where to belong, taste the subtle strings of various emotions, and experience all the abnormal will surging. At that time, our lives were full of content. Then, in this rich spring of life, the development of thought and scholarship from reason, poetry and art from emotion, and career behavior from will, is not this the highest personality we can aspire to?Therefore, we want to enrich our lives, not entertainism, individualism, but to seek the maximum development of personality, full expression of self, in order to promote the evolution of human personality. Do you also mean this?

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